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Holdings of Fishery Products in the United States
Jan, 1 compared witha
5 year 1944 1943 1943 average
1943 avorage Pounds Percent Porcent Percent Pounds
Pounds Pounds Frozen fish and shellfish: Total holdings
98,888,000 - 6
+ 1 + 12 104,850,000 98,260,000 88,153,000 Important Items: Fillets: Cod
4 + 2 2,828,000 2,371,000 2,215,000 Haddock 2,600,000 -12 43
2,971,000 4,599,000 5,253,000 Rosefish 2,732,000 -14 + 53 +
3,159,000 1,791,000 2,186,000 Halibut
8,666,000 7,277,000 7,241,000 Herring, sea 3,210,000 -13 +107
3,697,000 1,554,000 1,359,000 Mackerel
11 6,793,000 9,813,000 6,311,000 Mullet
2,237,000 + 8
2,066,000 2,979,000 Sablofish
2,450,000 3,02,000 2,283,000 Salmon
8,874,000 -11 + 7
+ 8 9,937,000 8,330,000 8,215,000 8,688,000 - 8 35 3 9,447,000 13,404,000
13,404,000 8,979,000 Lake herring
3,172,000 3,162,000 2,919,000 8,362,000 + 8
7,759,000 5.563,000 5,815,000 Cured fish: Herring, cured 7,342,000 -28 + 27 - 37
10,244,000 5,786,000 11,717,000 Salmon, mild-cured
1,249,000 -30 77 - 77 1,783,000 5.466,000 5.445,000 *Since the date for reporting holdings of fishery products was changed from the 15th to the first of
the month beginning January 1, 1943, data included in the "5-yr. average" consist of a combination
of figures for the two periods. **Data not available,
MACKEREL LARGEST ITEM IN BOSTON COLD-STORAGE ON DECEMBER 29
The holdings of frozen fishery products in Boston cold-storage warehouses on December 29 amounted to 11,644,000 pounds, a reduction of 9 percent from those of December 30, 1942, according to the Service's Market News office at Boston. Of the more important items, haddock fillets were reduced 83 percent; flounder fillets, 22 percent; mackerel, 36 percent; and scallops, 41 percent. Among items showing an increase were shrimp, 203 percent; rosefish fillets, 31 percent; and cod fillets, 29 percent. Compared with the holdings for November 24, the total stocks were down 15 percent. This decline was reflected from the tie-up of the Boston, New Bedford, and New York offshore fleets since November 20 in protest against ceiling prices.
The total holdings of whiting in 13 cold-storage warehouses in Maine and Massachusetts on December 25 amounted to 6,074,000. When compared with the holdings of December 26, 1942, this is a decrease of 244,000 pounds; and when compared with November 27, 1943, a decrease of 299,000 pounds. These whiting holdings are broken down as follows: dressed, H&G, fillets, and skuljoes--71 percent; round--29 percent; and animal food--less than Ž of i percent.
NEW YORK COLD-STORAGE HOLDINGS DROP SLIGHTLY IN DECEMBER
A heavy influx of salmon and sablefish during December almost counterbalanced decreases in the holdings of other leading species in cold-storage plants, according to the Service's Market News office in New York. Reductions averaging about 17 percent were recorded between December 1 and 31 in the stocks of the leading items from Eastern sources, due mostly to the lay-up of East Coast fishing vessels. Despite this drop, total holdings on December 31 showed a decrease of only 1 percent below December 1.
DECEMBER COLD-STORAGE HOLDINGS IN CHICAGO HEAVIEST IN MANY YEARS
Cold-storage holdings in Chicago warehouses on December 30 totaled 7,900,000 pounds, the heaviest holdings recorded since collection of such information was begun by Market News in 1938, according to the Chicago Market News office. The holdings were 28 percent more than those of November 24, 1943, and 26 percent greater than holdings at the end of December 1942.
Although individual holdings of whitefish, yellow pike, and whiting showed substantial declines on account of active withdrawal action, most other species manifested important gains over November 24 of this year and December 31, 1942. The following species showed the sharpest increases from the latter date: squid; cod, haddock, hake, and pollock; sauger fillets; mackerel; blue and sauger pike; cod fillets; and shrimp. With but few exceptions, notably sauger fillets and shrimp, the bulk of the items consigned to refrigeration plants were received frozen since it has been difficult to obtain adequate freezing facilities, labor and storage space in this area.
+ 70 + 23 +243 + 15 + 19 • 2 + 40
୨ +125 - 15 + 25 +123
+ 40 + 99 + 33 +129
4 27 + 56 +2491
662,000 223,000 182,000 269,000 209,000 291,000 464,000 303,000 123,000 401,000 895,000 128,000
497,000 282,000 541,000 377,000 178,000 143,000 488,000 12,000 289,000 470,000 715,000 11,000
CANADIAN PLANTS FREEZE 3 MILLION POUNDS OF FRESH FISH IN DECEMBER
Canadian cold-storage plants froze 3,351,000 pounds of fresh fish during December 1943, an increase of 34 percent over the same month in 1942, according to preliminary data released by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. The main items frozen during the month were cod and sea herring.
Freezings of Fishery Products in Canadian Cold-storage Plants
Percent Percent Pounds
1,304,000 Haddock fillets
-27 2,739,000 Halibut
101,000 Sea berring
574,000 Frozen smoked fish Total freezings
797,000 Important Items! Fillets; cod, haddock, etc,
451,000 Tinnan haddie
119,000 Sea berring kippers
212,000 615,000 155,000 264,000 68,000 648,000
CANADIAN HOLDINGS ON JANUARY 1 TOTAL 31 MILLION POUNDS
Holdings of frozen fresh fish in Canadian cold-storage plants on January 1, 1944, amounted to 31,298,000 pounds, 20 percent more than the January 1, 1943 stocks, according to a preliminary report furnished by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Salmon, cod, sea herring, and halibut composed 75 percent of the total stocks.
The regulation controlling the prices of frozen fish and seafood was amended January 3, by the OPA to eliminate the mark-up previously allowed primary wholesalers in distribution of Atlantic Coast smelt. This action, which should relieve pressures against ceiling prices set for sales of frozen Atlantic Coast smelt to the ultimate consumer, means that the importer or primary wholesaler cannot add any mark-up to the base price in sales of the smelt
U. OF ILL. LIB.
to other wholesalers. OPA took this action because 90 percent of the smelt are sold in Boston, New York and Philadelphia, the principal points of importation. The production is almost entirely Canadian and the 10-percent margin representing the conversion of Canadian selling prices into American funds is sufficient to allow for distribution to the wholesaler who, in turn, sells to retailers.
Two other changes affected by the amendment are designed to prevent pyramiding of markups. One expressly limits the number of mark-ups that may be added in the distribution of frozen fish and seafood to one primary wholesaler mark-up (other than on the imported Atlantic Coast smelt) and one mark-up for any wholesaler who sells to a retailer. The second change makes it clear that the maximum price at which an importer can sell imported frozen fish and seafood is the base price established in the regulation for a domestic processor of the same item selling from the processing plant. A redefinition of the primary wholesaler as a person other than an importer further makes it plain that the importer cannot add the primary wholesaler's mark-up to his maximum price under any circumstances.
The effect of these changes will be to relieve artificial pressures against the ceilings established at levels later in the distributive system. Amendment No. 10 to MPR 364Frozen Fish and Seafood--became effective January 8, 1944. Excerpts follow:
(c) Wholesaler's mark-up for different classes of sales. Mark-up is the percentage over net cost set forth hereinafter for each class of wholesaler or the type of sale involved. To obtain the selling price, multiply the net cost by the percentage mark-up figure the result added to the net cost is the selling price. The mark-up which applies in any particular sale depends on the class in which the wholesaler is and the kind of service performed in the particular saie. The classes, types of service, and mark-ups are set forth in the following paragraph (d). No wholesaler who purchases from and sells to other wholesalers may sell at a price higher than his seller's maximum price. In no event shall the price charged for a sale to a retail store or purveyor of meals include more than one primary wholesaler mark-up (regardless of whether that mark-up is taken pursuant to this section or section 2) and one retailerowned cooperative or cash and carry or service and delivery wholesaler mark-up.
2. Section 3 (d) (1) is amended to read
(1) Primary wholesalers are wholesalers other than importers who buy frozen fish or seafood from processors or importers and distribute it for resale from cold storage warehouses to other wholesalers or to retailer-owned cooperative and chain store warehouses. In the sale of frozen fish or seafood which has been unloaded, stored and warehoused in the regular course of his business, the primary wholesaler's mark-up is 12%. In the case of sales of goods which have not been stored and warehoused, the primary wholesaler's markup is 7%. In the case of sales involving delivery from the processor's cold storage warehouse to the primary wholesaler's customer, there is no mark-up. In the case of sales of Atlantic Coast smelts to any wholesaler, the seller may take no mark-up over the base price listed in section 14.
3. Section 3 (e) is amended to read as follows:
(e) Imported frozen fish and seafood. The maximum price at which any im
porter may sell any imported frozen fish or seafood listed in section 14 to a person other than a retailer or purveyor of meals shall be the base price listed in section 14 for the species and style of dressing plus or minus the differential for packaging provided for in section 13, plus the actual freight to the importer's warehouse from the point at which the frozen fish or seafood enters the United States. If that freight is less than the carload rail freight rate from the shipping point in the United States closest to the foreign processor's plant to the importer's warehouse, the latter may be added in place of the actual freight. However, where frozen Atlantic Coast smelts are imported for resale in the United States, the freight from the point of shipment to the importer's warehouse, not to exceed the carload rail freight rate if such rate is available, may be added. The maximum price for sales by an importer who performs the function of a retailer-owned cooperative wholesaler, cash and carry wholesaler or service and delivery wholesaler shall be the foregoing maximum price plus the appropriate mark-up as provided in section 3 (d) (2), (3), (4), (5), or (6).
AMENDMENT 11 TO MPR 364--FROZEN FISH AND SEAFOOD
The regulation controlling the price of imported frozen fish and seafood was restored January 25, to the condition in which it had existed prior to an amendment of January 3, 1944, and, simultaneously, the OPA announced a 12 percent reduction in the base price of frozen Atlantic smelt.
The effect of these changes will be to make the regulation more workable for all inported frozen fish and seafood. There will be no change in retail prices.
The amendment of January 3, 1944, prohibited any importer from selling any imported fish at the primary wholesaler mark-up of 12 percent. In addition, in the case of imported smelt, the amendment prohibited any distributor from charging this 12 percent mark-up. This was accomplished through changes in the section controlling prices on imports and through a redefinition of the primary wholesaler. The recent action cancels these changes. At the same time, the 12 percent reduction in the base price of imported smelt will accomplish what had been sought through the prohibition against the primary wholesaler mark-up. Markups to be charged in sales of smelt are now the same as for other imported frozen fish. Amendment No. ll to Maximum Price Regulation No. 364--Frozen Fish and Seafood-became effective January 24, 1944. Excerpts follow:
1. Section 3 (d) (1) is amended to read as follows:
(1) Primary wholesalers. Primary wholesalers are wholesalers who buy frozen fish or seafood from processors and distribute it for resale from cold storage warehouses to other wholesalers or to retailer-owned cooperative and chain store warehouses. In the sale of frozen fish or seafood which has been unloaded, stored and warehoused in the regular course of his business, the primary wholesaler's mark-up is 12%. In the case of sales of goods which have not been stored and warehoused, the primary wholesaler's mark-up is 7%. In the case of sales involving delivery from the processor's cold storage warehouse to the primary wholesaler's customer, there is no mark-up.
2. Section 3 (e) is amended to read as follows:
(e) Imported frozen fish and seafood.
The maximum price at which a whole-
the wholesaler's warehouse, the latter may be added in place of the actual freight. However, where frozen Atlantic Coast smelts are imported for resale in the United States, the freight from the point of shipment to the wholesaler's warehouse, not to exceed the carload rail freight rate if such rate is available, may be added. To this amount, may be added the mark-up provided for the class of sale in paragraphs (c) and (d) of section 3.
3. In the table of base prices in section 14, Schedule No. 60A is added to read as follows:
Canned and Cured Fish Trade
SHRIMP PACK 27 PERCENT UNDER PREVIOUS SEASON ON DECEMBER 25
Canners in the South Atlantic and Gulf areas operating under the Sea Food Inspection Service of the U. S. Food and Drug Administration, packed 22,753 standard cases of shrimp in the four-week period ending December 25, bringing the total for the season to that date to 378,159 standard cases, according to the Service's New Orleans Market News office. The total for the season was 27 percent below the 518,305 cases packed in the same period one year earlier and 44 percent under the 5-year average for the period.
Wet and Dry Pack Shrimp in all Sizes in Tin and Glass--Standard Cases*
S E A SON
5-yr. average Nov.28-Dec.25. Oct. 31-Nov.27 Nov.29-Dec.26 July 1-Dec. 25 July 1-Dec.26 July 1-Dec.27 22,753 37,257 50,233 378,159 518,305
675,400 All figures on basis of now standard case--48 No. I cans with 7 oz. per can in the wet pack and 6 oz. per can in the dry pack,
Canned shrimp quotations for usual wholesale quantities in plain No. 1 standard tins, f.0.b. point of production, were reported by Gulf Coast Packers as follows:
Canned Shrimp Price s-Per Dozen Tins Item
January 1, 1944*
Jamiary 1, 1943* TET PACK DRI PACK
TT PACK DIRY PACK Small
$2.33-2.76 $2.64-2.79 Medium
2.57-2.82 2.82-2.91 Large
2.70-2.94 2.94-3.04 Jumbo
2.82-3.19 3.19 7 oz. net weight for wet pack and 6 oz. net weight for dry pack.
**No quotations, NOTE: --Maximum prices were established by OPA in MPR-311, affective February 2, 1943.
CALIFORNIA SARDINE PACK THROUGH DECEMBER 9 PERCENT UNDER LAST SEASON
The total case pack of California sardines, amounting to 2,507,943 standard cases in the five months ending January 1, was 9 percent below the pack for a similar period one year earlier, according to information furnished by the California Sardine Products Institute and the California Division of Fish and Game. Landings for the first five months of the 1943–4h season were 5 percent under those in the previous season, indicating a lag in case pack as compared with landings.