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with which it has bee: conductedl. truth is an evident. Iruism. Yet The combatants indeed have taken plain as it is, there is no principle time and space enough between more disregarded practically. For their several rejoinders io allow all if it were duly observed, controverirritatiou of feeling to subside, for şialists ought in fact to be the closest we believe it is now six years since friends. They are allies fighting the date of the first attack--still we in a common cause. One comfind that they have not by this op- mon danger, from the antagonist portune delay learned the art of power of falsehood, ought powercool fighting, but have only re- fully to cement their union. But cruited their vigour for fiercer con- the reverse of this wost commonly flict.-Like the spirited competitor takes place. Each party is found for the mastery of the lierd so to be most anxious to obtain the well described by the poet, each glory of a conquest 10 himself, and

to have retired a while is seldom pleased with tbe attain. from the scene of engagement, ment of the truth, wiless his own multa gemens ignominiam plagasque,

strength has been successfully ina

strumental in the pursuit. and after due preparation again to have made prelude of batile, it would not perhaps be altogether

As buman nature is constituted, with all the keen recollection of desirable that the spirit of contro, former indignities stimulating to the

versy should be entirely repressed, assault:

There is that vis inertiæ in our in. Post ubi collectam robu r viresque rc tellectual, as well as in our material ceptæ,

nature, that we commonly require Signa movet, præcepsque oblitum fertur in hostem.

some powerful impulse to rouse us

to exertion. Though the desire of But, in all seriousness. we really investigating the truth is in itself a must raise our voice, feeble as it

strong principle of the mind-yet in may be, against a mode of literary most cases it will not be found alone warfare, such as that evidenced in adequate to its object, but to de, the series of pamphlets to which we mand the aid of more practical moallude-particularly when carried

tives to give effect to its suggestions on between two brethren of the

We will candidly own, therefore, sacred profession. It is obviously that we do not wish to see the not only unworthy of themselves, stimulus of controversy banished but calculated to strengthen that from the world. We only wish to injurious impression against the

see it controlled and regulated, a1.d Church, which, at the present time, thus reudered subservient to that more particularly, the public mind is so disposed to receive. Men will Providence to the right exercise of

good, which is attached by Divine not take the trouble to discriminate

every natural principle. between the cause and its advocates, and when they see those, of of the contending parties may be

In the first place then, while each whom their profession taught the allowed to be anxious for his own world to hope better things, for. truth—for that particular view of getting their own dignity in the heat the subject which he presumes to of mutual strife-they are apt to be the correct one-he must not construe the culpable conduct of suffer his private attachment to an the individuals into some radical

opinion to weaken his general indefect in the communion itself to

terest in the cause of truth. It which they belong.

must bind him on the contrary, To say ihat the true object of all more closely to truth in the abstract, controversy is the investigation of

as a domestic affection is ouly a *“ Georgic. III. 228. 235." stronger tie of patriotism and phia REMEMBRANCER, No. 67.


lanthropy. Private opinion may opponent, I make no apology for the thus be maintained with the greatest strain in which I have condncted my de

fence. If it be thought that it has been : enthusiasm, and the most persevering ingenuity-for its defender will conducted with nunecessary asperity ; to

this splendid and powerful sentence, I not support it merely as one Seour leave its vindication : * Hoc et ratio doctis, doce Murattwy, but as one sincerely de- et necessitas barbaris, et mos gentibus, et sirous to promote the advancement feris natura ipsa, præseripsit, ut omnem of knowledge.

semper vim, quacunque ope possent, a core . In the next place, the zeal of the pore, a capite, a vita ipsa propulsarent.'» controversialist must not be ex

Now to apply this sentence to clusive. He must not deny to bis Mr. Nolan's case, we would ask, opponent equal earnestness in the where was the violence which he cause of truth. Though he may had sustained, either corporally, think that all depends on the capitally, or vitally? Dr. Falconer achievements of his own hand, he had attacked an hypothesis, whichi must not condemn the exertions of he had ingeniously advanced in the another as if they were altogether course of his erudite work on the useless. He must regard his no. Integrity of the Greek Vulgate; minal antagonist as his real coad- namely, that Eusebius, in obeying jutor, acting only on a different line the instructions of Constantine, by of operation. While he is on the alert which he was empowered to prepare Therefore to detect every error in a number of copies of the Scripthe adverse statements and argu. tures, had availed himself of the ments, lie will rejoice only at the opportunity to corrupt the sacred Triumph of that which he conceives text, by omitting certain passages, to be the truth, and not in the per- and in particular that relating to the sonal discomfiture of his opponent. doctrine of the Trinity. St. John i,5. · Had these fundamental rules been 7. The only violence done was to bis observed, we should not have that hypothesis, that indeed bad been ascause for complaint, which is sup- sailed-somewhat unceremoniously plied us by this pamphlet of Mr.

we must say, but there was no call Nolan and its predecessors in the surely for the principle of self-prea controversy. We single out this servation. He had only to defeud last pamphlet, because it most out- bis opinion against the assaults of fages the principles for which we

Dr. Falconer. It was rather incum. contend.

Written in a style of bent upon him to shew, that in himacrimonious flippancy, it spares not self he had received po damage in insinuation against the understand the attack, and that he was quite ing, the veracity, the honesty, or secure behind the impregnable bat. the temper of his unfortunate anta- tery of his arguments. The terms gonist. 'We do not wish to give pretixed to Dr. Falconer's second additional currency to so much op- painphlet, were certainly very offenprobrious language, and therefore sive in themselves. It stated the make no particular quotations in subject in this manner :-"The abproof of our assertion-we need surd Hypothesis, that Eusebius of only say that instances are to be Cæsarea, Bishop and Historian, was found passim throughout its pages. an Editor or Corrupter of the Holy That he had not observed the Scriptures, exposed, &c.”-instead bounds of dne respect towards his of the more temperate style adopted antagonist, Mr. N. himself indeed in the first, which was designated; seems to have been aware. For at “ The Case of Eusebius, &c. exthe close of his remarks, we find him amined.But it was by no means Besorting to the following apology, necessary for. Mr. Nolan to meet though he will not even condescend offence with offence. He had a to acknowledge it to be an apology. noble opportunity indeed offered to

“ In taking my final leave of such an him to imitate the conduct of the

"judicious" Ilooker, who on a simi. investigation of the exact force of lar occasion acted very differently. the words, “Ouroes” and “Logos," “' To your railing,” said that inan of upon which so much stress has been meekness in auswer to the attacks laid in the course of the controversy, of Mr. Travers, “ to your railing I There is, we think, no occasion for say nothing, to your reasons I say a diatribe on either of these words, what follows."

The prima facie evidence of the do, Having expressed our opinion as cument from which the passage in to the conduct of this controversy, question is taken, satisfies us, that we proceed to state to which view nothing more is implied than a comof the case we are disposed to lean. mand from the Emperor, for copies Here then we must acknowledge of the Sacred Scriptures to be exc. that we do not think that Mr. Nolan cuted under the care of Eusebius, has made out a sufficient case and we are the more confirmed against Eusebius. The verbal cri. (rather perversely perhaps) in this ticism of a single passage does not opinion, from the ingenuity em. appear to us to be the proper ground ployed by Mr. Nolan in establishing for establisbing the probability, that his construction of the passage. Eusebius took such an unwarrant. We look then to Mr. Nolan's able liberty of mutilating the sacred future labours, for some more suc. text. Supposing even that the pas. cessful vindication of the celebrated sage adduced from the letter of Con- text of the heavenly witnesses. His stantine conveyed; as Mr. Nolan hypothesis is not a foundation suffi. supposes, a sanction from the Em- ciently ample for such a fabrie: peror for the use of a discretionary Anxious as we are that a text which power in copying the Scriptures, we adds so strong a testimony to the must not at once conclude from concordant voice of Scripture, pro: such a sanction, that Eusebius did claiming a Trinity in the Unity of actually use the power so conceded. the Godhead, should be proved to We are not to infer, that, as a ruler belong to the sacred Canon,-yet of the Christian Church, and know. we think it behoves every sinceré ing the value of all Scripture as friend of the truth, to be especially given by inspiration of God, he cautious, lest by admitting so im would not have scrupled to adopt portant a confirmation as that of St. a suggestion, which the Emperor in John, i. 6. 7. on imperfect evidence, ignorance of the true nature of the he should subject the other indis. sacred records, may bave made to putable proofs to a like imputation him. And if he did suppress any of weakness. One infirm argument passages of Scripture, why did he does more to invalidate a good cause, pot also suppress the letter itself, than many good ones to support it. which thus interpreted, gives him Instead of co-operating, it counter. what the Church at large must have acts,--for it withdraws a portion of judged an illicit sanction, and must

our strength to its own defence. have raised a suspicion of his faith. Presenting too a vulnerable part to fulness in executing the office of the enemy, it enables him to make transcription

some impression on our line, and he · But with all respect for Mr. No. 'thus appears to have gained a victory Jau's profound ecclesiastical know- by the partial dismay which he has ledge, we cannot help agreeing with produced. We must not then be Dr. Falconer, that the passage quoted too eager in receiving an ally, which from the letter of Constantine does may prove an incumbrance instead not admit the sense which Mr. No- of an auxiliary. Besides, the same lan would elicit from it. It is foreign hypothesis upon which we should to our purpose to enter into a minute receive the doubtful text into our

Walton's Life of Hooker, prefixed to Canon, might be employed as well the Ecclesiastical Polity. p. 20. folio.

3 1 2.

in questioning other texts. If Euse- were in Scotland at the Time of bius expunged some passages, he the Reformation, by John Spots may have inserted or altered some, tiswoode, Esq. A new Edition, and we are thus at once let loose corrected, and continued to the into a wide sea of conjecture, not present Time; with a Life of the knowing what to receive, or what to Author, by the Rep. M. Russel, reject, in the volume of inspiration. LL.D. Rivingtous. 1824. Dr. Falconer, indeed, appears unt to few writers on the subject of Scothave put the case too strongly, when tish antiquities have acquired a he says, that

higher authority than Keith. His " The hypothesis will be of more use indefatigable research into the auto the Deist and the Infidel, than to the cient records of his country has Christian, - to him who wishes to annihi- furnished abundant materials to late the whole volume of sacred Scripture,

more recent authors; and the sterthan to him who proposes to reinstate in their supposed places, or to restore to ling honesty of his character has extheir former supposed authority, a few, torted the applause even of thuse, though important, sentences,"

who differed most widely from him Nor is it only in reference to the in religious and political opinions. Scriptures that we object to the ten- Keith, no doubt, had his partialities dency of Mr. Nolan's hypothesis, there are few men without them; What must not its efect be on the but, however they may have affect authority of Eusebius as an his. ed his general conclusions, they torian? The same person who would never, in any'degree, interfered with not scruple to corrupt the text of his statement of facts. In all liis Scripture, would noi hesitate, we

voluminous writings, there is not, may be assured, to falsify facts. He perhaps, a single fact wilfully who, as a Bishop of the Church, misrepresented, nor any document could misrepresent ber doctrines suppressed, which could throw light by suppression, or by any other on the transactions of the period of means, -as an historian of the which lie wrote. This is the highest Church would not, we conceive, be praise that can be bestowed on the more impartial or exact. What then historian; and it is praise, to which are we to think, with respect to that the venerable Keith is fully entitled. important portion of ecclesiastical We are not called upon, nor is it history which he has recorded ?-a necessary, to defend the soundness bistory, which has been constantly of bis views; but we can confidently received in the Church as an autheu

recommend his “ History of the tic account of the earliest ages of Affairs of Church and State in Christianity-Could a history so Scotland, from the beginning of the esteemed have been written by so

Iteformation," as a most interesting desecrated a band? It is hardly to and authentic register of the traube supposed. Either then we must sactions of that remarkable period. reject Mr. Nolan's hypothesis, as

We are fully disposed to acknow. casting an unjust stignia on our'his. ledge the immense results which torian, or we must think that the these transactions have produced ; high reputation, which his writings but we may be allowed to question, bave obtained with men of various with Keith, the wisdom of many of parties in the Church, is strangely the chief actors in that scene of reunfounded.

form, and to lament the want of moderation in them all.

The most popular of Keith's proAn Historical Catalogue of the ductions is the “ Catalogue of

Scottish Bishops, down to the Bishops," now given to the public Year 1638, by the Right Rev. for the seeond time. Its value has Robert Keith. Also an Account long been known to the historian of all the Religious Houses that and the antiquary. Its authority, as a book of reference, on subjects and, in 1727, was consecrated to connected with the temporal rights the office of a bishop in that comof the Church, is established by the munion. From this period bis whole frequent appeals which are made to time was devoted to the duties of its statements in the law courts of his sacred function, and to antiquaScotland. The present edition is rian pursuits, in which he seems to printed verbatim from the original have taken great delight. We must quarto edition published in 1755. refer our readers, for farther partiThe editor bas cunsiderably en-, culars of the life of this worthy man, hanced the value of the work, by to the sensible and well-written the notes which he has subjoined to parrative of Dr. Russel. We shall the historical part, and by the ad. now pass on to the Dissertation, dition of several original articles. concerning the history of the Culo These consist of a Life of Keith, a dees. supplement to the Dissertation on the The chief interest which has Culdees, and an Historical Sketch drawn attention to these ancient of the State of Episcopacy in Scot monks, lias arisen from some peculand since the era of the Revolution. liarities in the rule to which they

Of Keith's personal history little were subject, and in the privileges is known). He was attached to the which they enjoyed. Presbyterian Episcopal Communion, at a time, writers, though they affect to dewhen its members were subjected to spise the testimony of antiquity on the severest enactments of penal the subject of Church government, law, and harassed by the jealousy, when it is urged against them by and, sometimes, the persecution of their Episcopal adversaries, have a hostile Establishment; necessity yet, on some occasions, manifested compelled them to court obscurity no small solicitude to derive supand concealment, so that few no. port to their peculiar polity from tices can be collected concerning ancient practice, or, at least, to the character and conduct even of shew that this sort of evidence is their inost eminent churchmen--and not so entirely on the side of their some of them were eminent for opponents, as has been generally learning, and many distinguished for alleged. Many writers on that side piety, and a patient endurance of of the question have thought they the greatest hardships and priva- could discover some very near retions. From the scanty records semblance to the Presbyterian po. which Dr. Russel has been enabled lity in the scheme of administration to collect, it appears that Keith adopted by the disciples of Cowas born on the 7th February, 1681, lumba; the arguments of Blondel, at Uras, a small estate in the county Selden, Baxter, and Sir James Dalof Kincardine, of which his family rymple, failed, however, to conpossessed the fee simple, or what vince the world of the fact, and it is called in Scotland the wadset. was generally believed that the Culİle was descended from the cele- dees, whatever might be their parbrated family of Keith, Earls Ma- ticular rule of monachism, enterrischal of Scotland; a descent, ou tained pretty much the same notions which the good man seems to have on points of doctrine and church set no slight value, and which he government, as were held by the took great pains to establish against rest of the Christian world. In 1811 the pretensions of another claimant Dr. Jamieson revived the arguments to the honour. He received his of the old Presbyterian writers, and education at Aberdeen, and became endeavoured to fortify thein by all tutor to the famous Marshal Keith, the additional topics which his great to whom his Catalogue of Bishops antiquarian research could supply. is dedicated.' In 1710 he took holy In this dissertation Dr. Russel meeis orders in the Episcopal Church ; the arguments of the veuerable

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