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broadly and at once branded with the for the most part, the loss of the most mark? Surely, the bitterest defamer of effectual and aathoritative guidance in the the clergy will not deny to them the gene- path of duty; how much more mixed up ral credit, that many amongst them are, with bitterness is the same portion, when, -We trust, by far the greater number as in a case where the means of subsistence will, by the candid inquirer, be found have depended on the parent's life, the pure and blameless in their lives and con- loss of many worldly comforts is added to versation, punctual in the discharge of its other sorrows, Here then is po ficti. their functions, active promoters of good tious tale of distress before us, such as and orderly habits amongst their parish- too often damps the glow of charity in ioners, particularly instrumental in training the heart, and restrains the band disposed up the young to upright principles, dili- to give. Here is no ambiguous plea pregent in reclaiming and discouraging the ferred for the relief of calamities which vicions, in consoling the afflicted, in ex- have arisen from the culpable misconduct tending alms to the destitate, in holding of those who suffer them. Our suitors on out to all within their sphere the light of the present occasion are not the bold ima good example. Why then is the bard portor, not the sturdy mendicant, not the measure dealt ont to them, as a body, of lazy profligate; but the yonng, the helpbeing subjected to continually repeated less, and the innocent; the children of aspersions of the grossest kind, the effect those spiritual guides who have directed of which no consciousness of having de- others in the path of righteousness; of served better things can prevent them those faithful shepherds who have fed their from feeling and lamenting? The Apostle flocks in green pastures, and led them St. Paul exborted, as we know, his Thes- forth besides the waters of comfort. saloniani converts, to 'esteem those who “In conclusion, then be the fervent labour for them, and are over them in the prayer addressed to the throne of grace, Lord, for their work's sake*' But how that, as well in this work of love which is much at variance with this precept is the now before us, as in other points of Christoo frequent practice of the present day, tian duty, we may all, throngh the aid of when to those who labonr in the work of God's Holy Spirit, be enabled and disposed the ministry, is assigned no other recom- to fulfil the measure of Gospel righteouspense than obloquy and reproach.” P. xv. ness, in a manner suited to our high

calling, in Christ Jesus. The discourse is concluded with

those especially, who are the appointed the following just and affecting labourers in the vineyard, whatever be appeal.

their present recompense, whether they

proceed on earth through evil or through “ We have here before us, as suitors for good report, remember that their great our charity, the children of those minis- object must ever be, to approve themters of the Gospel to whom has been de- selves in the sight of Him, to whose sernied in this world a sufficient recompense vice they are pledged, and in whose for their labours; and who now, in the

work they are employed. persons of those most dear to them, both they, and the focks committed to solicit some portion of that debt, which

their charge, receive at the last day the every considerate mind acknowledges to

crown of righteousness laid up by the Lord, be their due. These Ministers of the

the righteous Judget." Gospel, after a life spent in the faithful discharge of the highest of all func- We add the following notes, which tions, and after a strnggle, under scanty are affixed to the sermon. circuinstances, to maintain that appearance in the world, which previous habits “ It appears from the returns made to and a sense of the decorum of their his Majesty in conncil, and laid before station rendered necessary, have been Parliament, in 1818, that of 10,421 benecalled perhaps to rest from their la fices returned, 4361 did not exceed 1501. bours, leaving their families in a state of per annum, that 1629 did not exceed 801. destitution, aggravated by the remem- per appum, and 735 did not exceed 501. brance of better fortunes, and of the per annum, while several were below 201, brighter hope which once was theirs. If in annual value. Thus it is an ascertained then, in every rank and station, the loss of fact, that much more than one-third of the a father be, to children just rising into benefices in the kingdom are not worth life, indeed a bitter portion; involving, 1501. per annum; and it is probable that * | Thess, v. 12, 13.

'* Psalm xxiii. 2. + 2 Tim. iv. 8.

And may

Thus may

more than one half of them do not exceed ably contributed, under the Divine 2001. Still this important fact is com- blessing, to her stability

and honour, pletely overlooked in the statements re

are at all times worthy of our deepspecting church property which are usual. ly brought before the public, and on which

est consideration. “Moderate and fallacious reasonings are too confidently equal measures," indeed, “do not founded.

appear at first sight to be those “ It is, unavoidably, difficult to ascer- which are best calculated to work tain with any precision the average great effects in sublunary things;" amount of the value of all ecclesiastical but they are of inestimable value in benefices in the kingdom. One of the

every grave and difficult undertaking, latest calculations, apparently conducted with

considerable care, and proceeding on and especially in the preservation of the sarest ground on which such an esti. religion. The founders of our Church mate can be formed, (See Quarterly Re- understood this principle, and acted view, Vol. XXIX. p. 557.) makes the upon it with wonderful success. average value of all the benefices in the Their moderation, however, did not kingdom, including the incomes of Bishops, arise from indifference to the truth; Deans and Chapters, to amount to 3031. it was the result of an exact and soper annum; and this calculation, it should be mentioned, affords a higher average

ber judgment carefully avoiding opthan any other which has been given to posite extremes, and discerning with the public on the authority of specific de- singular felicity whatever was essentails. Assuming, then, this average to be tial to the integrity of the Gospel, not far from the truth ; still, when it is re- and the peace and unity of the membered, as has been already stated, that Church. These points were steadily it is formed by inclading the incomes of maintained; while obscure and persons in all the highest stations in the Church; when it is considered further,

doubtful matters, which had been that every clergyman qualifies himself for too hastily decided by other Protesthe profession by no inconsiderable ex- tants, were wisely left without depence; that his income is a life income; termination. ihat out of it he must maintain and pro- This important subject has been vide for his family; that many calls of admirably discussed and illustrated with which his situation makes it often im- deacon has selected a topic precisely charity are constantly made upon him, in the Charge before us. The Archperative on him to comply; and that he is obliged to sustain a certain outward ap- suited to the exigency of the time, pearance snited to his station, having often and to his own powers. No man to mix in society with opulent parishi- is more profoundly versed in the joners; when all this is taken into the ac- history of the Church of England ; count, it surely will not be thought, that

none has a more accurate and comthe expression I have used is too strong; prehensive knowledge of her charac. viz. that every considerate person will al

ter and constitution. We will not,
low the average income provided for the
clergy of the church of England, to be however, indulge our own feelings in
below what is suited to their character expatiating on his high qualitica-
and situation."

tions, or on the service he has ren-
dered to the Church of Christ. He

has within his own breast a much Grounds and Principles of the greater reward than the praise of Church of England, considered in

men can possibly bestow; and we a Charge, delivered to the Clergy have the satisfaction of knowing that of the Archdeaconry of London, he is equally beloved and revered by May 5, 1824. By Joseph Holden all who come witbin his influence. Pott, A.M. Archdeacon of Lon

We shall make no apology for laydon, and Vicar of St. Martin's in ing the greater part of this Charge the Fields.

before our readers, and earnestly reThe grounds and principles on commending it to their attention, as which the Church of England was one of the most valuable producformed, and which have so remark- tions of the Archdeacon's pen,

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“Moderate and equal measures may tures of foreign usurpation. What was not perhaps appear at first sight to be those the answer which was given to the first which are best calculated to work great attempt upon the privileges of the British effects in sublunary things, or to prevail Church? When the question was raised most in the minds and purposes of men. concerning matters of authority, and when They who aim at public ends, are accus- a right to dictate was asserted in favour of tomed to pursue a different course. They a foreign Head, the answer was distinctly, trust for the furtherance of their designs, we owe nothing to our brethren in the to collective efforts, urged with vehemencé faith in distant quarters, but to love one and prosecuted with alacrity and vigour another, and that debt we are ready to The strongest impulses are put in force, or discharge. When the question was con. the closest arts are called in aid, in, order cerning usage, as about the time of celeto win over numbers to the side which is brating the solemnities of Easter, and espoused, or to retain men by the ties of when a different rule from that which had partial interest in one band. It is easy to been followed in this country, was preperceive that such ways were not followed scribed, the answer was still given in the in the scheme of Providence adopted for words of the Apostle, we have no such the first establishment of the Christian custom. These answers were both temChurch, and calculated for maintaining its perate and prudent: yet they were sncperpetual subsistence in all lands, or in any ceeded by hostility and bloodshed. But single country.

the British Church and its accustomed “Let us consider then what were the liberties, survived that storm. After those first terms of union in the Church of first abortive efforts had been made, it was Christ. They consisted principally in the long before a foreign yoke was imposed never-failing pledge of faith and practice. upon believers in this land : and the first The sacramental ordinances of that house- struggle for the Reformation in this counhold were prescribed by the same lips try, was but a more determined effort folwhich fixed the rule of faith and duty. lowing after many which had been before The forms of ministerial discipline and exerted, and which from time to time had worship received the sanction also of the marked the spirit of resistance to ensame Lord. In conformity to these, the croachments wbich were never tamely sufpattern or first model of government and fered. The Statutes of the realm prove order was completed in the Church of this beyond the power of contradiction. Christ by those who received the first “But the tone of moderation was not commission at his hand. The care to pre- changed when that resistance proved at serve itself and to perpetuate its func- length successful. There was zeal indeed, tions, without which no public body can enough to prompt men to meet and to sussubsist, was further strengthened by the tain an arduous contest: and without zeal, gracions promise which declared so plain- in no ordinary measure, it must bave ly that the sustaining arm of Providence proved impossible to face the difficulties should not be wanting for the succour of of that day of trial : but the movements the flock of Christ, and that the gates of which were then made by the Guides and Hell should not prevail against his Church. Rulers, Civil and Ecclesiastical, in this Sach were the first provisions made for land, toward the great design of reformathe fellowship and union of believers in tion, shew plainly, that there was not all lands." P. 5.

only zeal bat patience for the work : a pa

tience wbich could attend the desultory He then proceeds to shew that and uncertain bumours of one capriciour Church has always been distin. ous monarch ; a patience which, with a guished by Christian prudence and step as firm and sober, could accompany Christian candour, and has invari- the next advances which were made under ably grounded her belief and practice the kindly influence of a sceptre wielded on the Word of God.

by a hand not yet matured in growth,

though pledged already to every good and “ That the British Church, from the first salutary purpose. But the triumph, and call to the knowledge of the truth, and the the palm of fortitude and patience, were first profession of the Gospel, adhered to not yet: they followed in the sanguinary this acknowledged standard both of faith reign which recalled the days of martyrand practice, in things fixed and invariable dom, and transferred from Pagan scafin their own essential nature, and of things folds to those of Christendom, the fire and which may be changed upon snfficient steel, the rage and horrors of relentless groands—is plain from the resistance "persecution. When that storm was overwhich was made here to the early over. past, the sun which went down in that

ruddy cloud, rose soon with unabated From this point, then, we may proceed splendour-and again, that new and happy to trace the exercise of a moderate and dawn, was marked with a mild effulgence, equal temper in our Church: a spirit which and displayed a temperate aspect, Mode- has not failed to adapt its rules and minisration and forbearance supplied the place tries to the compass and capacities of men, . of eager and vindictive measures. For and to employ its best exertions for the many years together, there was no deser- purpose of promoting every hopeful meation of our Courts of public worship, on sure of their spiritual growth. the part of those who continued to adhere “The terms then of faith, worship, and still to a foreign Head. It was the Papal communion of discipline and practice, by mandate which first sealed the separation, which we are united, come next before us. Nor was the arm of power, in public and And here I trust the moderation will apextreme degrees of punishment, exerted pear, by which, as a public teacher, our or employed on this account, until every Church has been so signally distinguished. art of secret machination, and every va. Every Christian Church is invested with ried effort of determined treason had pro- that character, and is raised of God to be voked the rigour of the laws.

a public witness and a public teacher in “ The reformation of our Church was an eminent degree, discharging this trust in all points temperate and orderly. It by those who exercise the ministry comwas not effected by popular commotion : mitted to them for the common good. concerning which we read that a great “ The Articles of our Church, in stating Council of the Church, the Council of the particulars of our faith, were so framed Eliberis, an elder Council to that of Nice, as to secure the main foundations, and to had long since determined, that if any cast out what had been added with no man should lose his life by endeavonring better warrant thậu corrupt inventions, to overturn idolatry itself by public tu- They were not drawn and settled until mult, bis name should not be put into the after some diversity had grown up in the list of martyrs *. The Reformation in this several Churches of the reformation: and land began under the sanction and di. it has been often shewn with what moderection of the supreme Powers of the ration those points about which the difrealm. The Liturgy was reformed by ferences have existed, were determined Episcopal men, well versed in ancient ri. on our part. It is not trne, that oor Ar. tuals, men of whom more than one ob- ticles were contrived to comprehend men tained the palm of martyrdom. The of various sentiments by means of dubious Articles of our Church were compiled by language and equivocal expressions. Sach Convocations; by two Provincial Assem- a mode would have been ill calculated for blies. They were confirmed by the the cause of truth. But the care to conLegislature-and that particular Churches ciliate and unite, was much more happily may be so reformed by their own autho- exerted by declining many points of difrity, and that for this purpose Provincial ference in things which were most conCouncils may suffice, is a thing confessed tested at that time. Accordingly our on all sides. In this behalf we may take Articles were so framed as to retain meu the word of the learned Chancellor of who would have differed widely if some Paris, a man of chief note in his day, who things had been brought forward and dein the first stage of the reformation ad- fined, which had been more eagerly determitted this right as it stood excepted from mined by foreign Churches of the Prothe reasons for which a General Council testant communion. The great object might be needfult.

therefore, was not obtained by adopting vague and uncertain forms of speech.

Such a method was once followed in con* Concil. Elib. sub Marcello habitum structing what was called the Interim, in A. D. 305, cap. 60. F. Longi summa Conciliorum, p. 42.

Germany; which for that reason became + “Nolo lamen dicere quin in multis par- intended. But the purpose was effected

the scorn of both parties for whom it was tibus possit Ecclesia per suas partes refore in our case by passing inany things iu simari: immo hoc pecesse esset; sed ad hoc lence, which others had decided; deagendum sufficerent concilia provincialia et ad quædam satis essent Concilia Dioce claring only what was needfal to secure sana et Synodalia, prout super hac re jam

the profession of the faith in things which aliqua scripta sunt et avisata, si quis vellet the special errors which were the objects

are necessary to salvation, and to exclude ad opus manum mittere et ad fortia*." Quædam per Joan Gerson edita, tem

of rejection. pore Schismatis Ecclesia. P. 222. Gerson. followed by the happiest consequences ;

“This moderation has accordingly been Opera, Paris. 1606.

and the several attempts which were pade

in successive reigns to counteract this pru- support the challenge ; but if we who are dent management, and to introduce those to weigh the reasons, are not infallible, we doctrines which had been omitted, would, can reach no ground of certainty by such ifthey had succeeded, have proved a groupil means. It is enough to confirm and settle of separation beyond any wlrich has sub. our belief that the rule itself is sure, and sisted among those who hold the same was given by inspiration of God. It is foundation. If any thing in this world enough for us to kuow, that if they who can tend to promote that union for which spake the word had the promised guidance the best men have expressed their earnest of the Holy Spirit to lead them into all wishes in all ages, it must still be sought in truth, the same seal of inspiration must moderate and equal measures; in the ten- liave accompanied the written word; unper of a Church which has pursued the line less we can bring ourselves to think that of its hallowed call so steadily, which has what was to be most permanent and fixed preserved its regular and continued ordi. in character, was, against all ground of nations, and which has shewn such caution reason, to bear a warrant less certain and and indulgence in declaring the settled authentic to commend it to the hearts of terms of her communion. Of these terms, men, than what was spoken. But if they we can say without a boast, that the who unquestionably had the gift of iuspiChurches of the Protestant communion in ration, and who proved their claim to it by ' all lands, have testified their full and cor. sufficient evidence, may be allowed to dial approbation, and have remonstrated as speak in their own behalf, they will decide plainly with the censors and dividers in this point; for they tell us plainly that the our own land. Those applauding testi. word was reduced by them to writing, in monies have often been collected: they re- order that we might know the certainty of maiu a solid evidence of the moderate such things, and that we might believe *. counsels which prevailed here, and of the “ The word of Scripture, then, which favourable circumstances which permitted indeed is witnessed by the Church, but dethe retention in this country of that entire rives its authority from God alone, forms and perfect form of government, the want the solid and unerring basis of our union. of which, in some chief points, was openly As the Church was able from the beginning deplored in foreign Churches, and excused to ascertain what was Scripture and what upon the hard plea of necessity. “Non was not, and has so formed the Canon, on sumus adeo felices," was the answer of the the evidence and attestation of those President of Dort, when our pattern was first witnesses with whom these oracles proposed to him for the cure of those de. were entrusted, we liave all the certainty fects, by a Prelate of our own Church. that we can desire, that' we possess the The plea was accepted with a fair allow. written word, although the witnesses themance on our part; with much brotherly re- selves distinctly disavowed infallible pregard; and with the pious wish that what tensions, and referred that claim to the was wanting might one day, by Divine Word itself, to whicli, in all disputed favour, be supplied.

points, they made their appeal. We re« Of those terms of communion which ceive that Word from those wbo lived at or form the bond of public concord in our near the time of the Apostles; and who Church, we can say with truth, that no were careful above measure in examining sober man has ever ventured to pronounce the testimony of every Church which had them sinful : although the bare circum- the custody of any portion of the Sacred stance of a requisite compliance has been writings. To which it may be added, that unhappily regarded as a burden for the in the first ages more especially, a narconscience.

rower limit and a closer correspondence “ But we cannot treat this subject rendered it more easy to resist emergent better than by referring to the gronnds heresies, against which the Church is bound upon which the terms themselves were at all times to give her public testimony. built. Our Church, then, resolves the Nor does this regard to the testimony of motives for belief into the testimony of the Church create an undue value for traGod's sacred word. Where that seal is ditionary record. We take indeed all the ascertained most gladly she receives the assistance we can get from the known message, and accepts the written word. sense and early usage of the Church; we Of that word she claims to be a faithfal employ its authorities and precedents for guardian, an authorized and uncorrupted many useful purposes; but we never can witness, although not an infallible irfter consider them as necessary to supply sufr. preter. They who claim to be infallible, posed defects of Scripture. That which is if they hope to convince us, must allow us to judge of the reasons which they bring to

* Luke i, 4. Joun xx, S1. REMEMBRANCER, No. 66.

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