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not till the year 1788, after the death about matters of state, particularly about of the Count of Albany, the last eli- peace and war. And in such a case it is gible survivor of the House of the person'so sent, is (in virtue of his dele.

understood, that whatever is transacted by Stuart, that they conceived them

gated authority) considered as done by the selves at liberty to pray for King Prince himself, npder whose commission George III.; and then they per- he acts, and is sanctioned accordingly. So formed this duty spontaneously, and here, although Almighty God can call us without any previously stipulated when he pleases to an immediate account conditions. The severe penal laws

when we rebel against him, and are dis

obedient to the laws which he hath set bewere not yet repealed, nor was it un

fore us, he is yet graciously pleased to til the year 1792 that a bill, after

send some men, under his own special au. much trouble and several unsuc- thority, to treat with others in his name, cessful attempts, passed both houses about conditions of peace with him; to of Parliament, granting them a legal acquaint them with the easy terms he has toleration, Since this time, the made, and expects from them; and to asEpiscopal Church in Scotland has sure them, that upon the performance of

the conditions required, He will be reconbeen rapidly recovering from the ef

ciled to them, and at peace with them. fects of the severe and oppressive

Now, as this office includes a certain laws which the legislature thought trust and responsibility, it is no less eviit expedient to enact, and now num- dent that it implies a certain and positive bers among her members many of authority from the Supreme Power in the the principal nobility and ancient

service of which it is undertaken. Any families.

man, if he has abilities and inclination,

may treat of public affairs as well as an amHer Bishops and Clergy are, to our knowledge, a most respectable bassador

, but
his negociations

, it is certain,

can have no validity without the seal and and learned body; their civil prin- commission of his Prince. Any man, sufciples are characterized by as devo- ficiently educated, may read the Scripted an attachment to hereditary tnres, administer the Sacraments, or make right and the present Royal Family, an oration to an assembly, but this is not as those of their ancestors and pre

what the Scriptures call preaching the

word of God, or being stewards of the decessors were to the unfortunate

mysteries of Christ. This must ever deHouse of Stuart; and of their or

pend not on grace, ability, or zeal, but on thodoxy we have a very favourable a positive commission, given by him who specimen in the Sermon before us, is empowered to give it, and continued in preached by Mr. Fyvie, the Episco- force till he takes it away." pal Clergyman in Inverness, at the The author then gives an interest. visitation of the Clergy of the Dio. ing view of the nature and serious eese of Ross and Argyle.

importance of the sacred office of This Sermon is replete with sound ambassadors of Christ, and very imdivinity, and contains much impor- pressively recommends to his breth. tant and judicious matter conveyed ren the consideration of their ordiin a style of great perspicuity and nation vows, and the necessity of impressive energy. 'Mr. Fyvie has conducting themselves in the eyes of appropriately selected for his text the world with that scrupulous re2 Cor. V. 20.

* Now then are gard to decorum so essential to their we ambassadors of Christ;" from usefulness as stewards of the mystewhich, after an able and perspicuous ries of God, since they are “exinvestigation of the divine commis- posed, in some degree, to the envy of sion of the priesthood, he elucidates many, and the keen observation of his text by instituting a comparison all." We cannot refuse ourselves, between ambassadors of Princes and nor withhold from our readers the ambassadors of Christ.

following quotation, which may be “ The word Ambassador is commonly said to exhibit not only the author's known to signify a person sent by a Prince own feeling towards the established to a foreign country, to treat in his name Church of Scotland, but likewise that of the respectable body to which faithfully discharged your duty, unless yon he belongs. The sentiments are at hearers are thoroughly instructed in them, once charitable and manly, without

and unless you openly avow, and firmly sacrificing at the shrine of spurious their religion, whenever you can do it with

maintain these distinguishing principles of liberality any of the distinguishing propriety and advantage. And in pursuing and essential principles of his this course, I am equally sure, that you Church.

will not be led of necessity to make any

direct attack upon the sentiments of other “ We prefer, in opposition indeed to a

religious denominations. We are the enea large majority of our countrymen, but mies of no Church or party, however difdecidedly we prefer the Episcopal form of ferent from our own, and therefore do ocCharch polity. And we do this not on casion can occur to justify your impugning light grounds, or from early prepossessions, the motives, the sincerity, or the piety of but because it is in our estimation of apos

those whose opinions on religious subjects tolic origin, and therefore of divine institu.

are different from your own. Such a praction. To this form which was once esta

tice, you well know, is sanctioned by do blished by law in our native land, and is principle of your Church, and I trust is, still in the other two branches of the Bri- rarely to be met with among her Clergy ; tish empire, we steadily and conscientiously for although our preference to one system adbere, with no feelings, however, of illi

be exclusive, and our reason for that preberality or uncharitableness towards those ference far from frivolons, yet we must rewho differ from us, much less of envy or

collect, that under that system, and by the reproach towards the members of the Es

terms of that preference, we are bound to tablished Church. With that Church we

exercise all the charities of the Gospel." never had any connection, we never separated from her, because we never belonged Mr. F. after strongly recommendto her, and therefore in our views regard- ing bis reverend brethren to practise ing her we can be actuated by no secta

moderation and charity, and to avoid rian spirit. We respect, and would be the foremost to support her as an establish

unnecessary hostility and controment in times of public danger,-her nu

versy, proceeds, with the utmost pro. merous and enlightened members, we hold priety to deliver a short address to in that just estimation which is their due, his brethren of the laity. In this and we readily acknowledge ber claims address, after observing, that in conupon our gratitude, for rearing and foster

sequence of the numerous inconveing a sober and religious people. But while we entertain these sentiments of respect clergy are necessarily subjected,

niences and privations to which their and friendship for the Establishment, we sincerely believe that our Church, in con

they are entitled to claim their stitution, worship, and doctrine, approach- cheerful co-operation, attachment, es nearer to the purity of primitive times; and support, he thus feelingly al. and we deem it essential that all, who pro- ludes to the depressed condition of fess to join in her communion, should distinctly understand ber principles, and the reasou of their attachment to them, “ From the peculiar circumstances in Otherwise, situated as we are in the midst which the Clergy of our Church have been of a much larger denomination of Chris- placed for many years, unsapported, as tians, we should soon cease to exist as a they are, by the powers, and unaided by religious community; clergy and laity the wealth, of this world, they have perbaps would by degrees become ignorant of our stronger claims on the best feelings of their peculiar tenets, and, in consequence, indif- people than those of any other Church at ferent to our distinctive principles. And the present day. He who is not possessed thus the Church would soon be absorbed of a considerable share of Christian humi. in those religious communities with which lity and self-denial, as well as disinterestshe is surrounded, agreeable to that uni- edness and zeal, can engage in no employversal law of nature, by which smaller bo- ment, which is less likely to yield him satis. dies gravitate towards larger ones. Firmly faction and comfort than that of a Clergyattached then, my brethren, to your man of our Church; for except the conChurch, in her constitution, forms, and sciousness, or the hope, of doing good, he doctrines, from a sincere conviction of can expect no pleasure, he can hope to their excellence and importance, you will reap no advantage. You are all aware, my not, I am sure, rest satisfied that you have brethren, that from the peculiar nature of REMEMBRANCER, No. 66.

3 A

their pastors.

our undertaking, all the avenues to wealth, Thus far we are convinced that independence, or secular reputation, are we have done no more than justice shut against us. With us, the fruits of a

to the conduct and principles of a liberal education, the study and applica- depressed and neglected body of tion of years, the flower and vigour of life,

men, not inferior in attacbment to are not employed, as in the case of others, in pursuing the paths of ambition, in pro- hereditary right, and the constituviding a liberal maintenance for our fami- tion of their country, nor less arlies, or in laying a foundatiou for future dent in their loyalty to the present years of independence and ease, but in Royal Family than the Church of submitting to a volontary thougla honour- England. And the time, we hope, able poverty, and in following almost innu.

is not far distant, when the legislamerable difficulties and discouragements,

ture may be induced to see the prothe steps of those holy apostles and prophets, who willingly endured every trial priety of extending to the Scotch and deprivation for Christ's sake, and spent Episcopal Church those advantages themselves in a zealous effort to promote which are enjoyed by other denothe salvatiou of sinners, and to direct fallen minations of Christiaus, who, with and erring mortals into the paths of eter

all possible deference, seem peither nal happiness."

in a religious, nor political point of This picture is far from being view, more fairly entitled to counte. overcharged. The Episcopal Clergy nance and support. in Scotlaud derive their sole subsist- Of such a Church we devoutly ence from the voluntary contribu- say-Esto perpetua. tions of their respective congrega. tions, and though some of these congregations be very small, and the

A Sermon preached at the Anniverincome of the clergyman, conse

sary Meeting of the Stewards of quently, very limited, yet a case has

the Sons of the Clergy, in the seldom, perhaps' never, uccurred,

Cathedral Church of St. Paul, wherein the Clergyman has mani

on Thursday, May 15, 1823. By fested a spirit of discontent with his

the Reverend George D'Oyly, situation. The Clergy, ivdeed, with D.D. Rector of Lambeth, and very few exceptions, receive a libe

of Sundridge in the County of ral education, and several of the

Kent. 4to. 1824. Rivingtons. present Bishops and Clergy are, by their writings, well known to the The text selected by Dr. D'Oyly for 'world. We have, however, been not his discoure is the following declaraá little surprised, that the legislature

tion of our Lord: “Into whatsoever should not have taken some steps to house ye enter, there remain eating alleviate the depressed state of the and drinking such things as they Clergy of the Scotch Episcopal give; for the labourer is worthy of Church, when it is well known, that

his hire." Which he thus parathe Dissenters, and even Roman Ca- phrases, and subsequentlyconsiders tholics receive pecuniary aid from as containing a general principle Government; yet this Church which applicable to all time and to all is recognized by the State, which conditions of the Christian Church; teaches the same doctrines, professes

"Into whatsoever house ye enter, scruthe same articles of faith, and uses

ple not to accept of such provisions as the same liturgy, with the united may be offered to you ; for he who labours Church of England and Ireland, does for the good of others in the service of not experience that protection and the Gospel, and in so doing foregoes his support to which (whether civil or customary means of providing for his own religious principles be the object of

wants has every reasonable claim for a consideralion) she is at least equally those for whose benefit he labours.” P. viii.

supply of the necessaries of life from entitled with those who are more “The justness of this principle indeed highly favoured.

could not(he remarks) be doubted, evenifno

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precepts relating to it had been delivered with respect to the most important of all by our blessed Lord, or bis Apostles. For, professions, that of minister and teacher if it be the law of nature ordained by the of the Gospel? He who would instruct wise providence of God, that the several others, must be well instructed himself. talents and faculties of mind and body, en- He who would explain to others the trusted to different individuals, should be volume of God's inspired word, must himdiligently employed in fulfilling the duties self have made that volume, in some sufwhich their stations in society impose ficient degree, the subject of his study; upon them respectively; that each, in must be acquainted with the original pursuing those ends which are in the main tongues in which it is written, and with useful to himself, should for the most part the labours of learned men in expounding be ministering in due subordination to the it; must know well the reasons of the advancement of the general welfare; and faith which is in him, to the end that he if the honourable ambition of attaining to may confirm others in the same. And, if worldly distinctions and emoluments, be a it be proper that all should be tbus comfeeling implanted in us for the purpose of petently instructed in the knowledge quickening industry, of invigorating en. connected with their peculiar duties, it is no deavour, of stimulating to useful and me- less necessary, that some at least amongst ritorious exertion; how will it be main- them should be thoroughly armed at all tained that the most important of all pro- points to maintain on just occasions, and fessions should be excluded from the ope- 10 confirm the truth, by wielding with ration of this principle? Granting, as as- skill and with effect the sword of the suredly it will be granted, that he who is Spirit, which is the word of God *;' by the ordained minister of the Gospel, confuting the gainsayer, by exposing the onglt to derive his principal motives sophistry of the secret enemy of the truth, of action from heaven, and not from and by repelling the attacks of the bold earth; ought to be influenced, beyond and undisguised assailant. Surely then every other consideratiou, by the desire they, of whom it is most properly required of approving himself in the sight of that that they should qualify theinselves for the supreme Master whom he serves : still, ministry, by a course of preparatory study, constituted as we all are, with various which always occupies a large portion of wants, natural and adventitious; with time, and can only be carried on at a convarious claims npon us arising out of the siderable expence, are justified in expect. proprieties of station, and the demands ing that the fair and liberal emoluments of charity; with various duties to be ful- of a profession may not be denied to them. filled towards children, fansilies, connec- They who exclude themselves from other tions, and dependants; it were no less advantages that they may preach the unjustifiable to throw aside altogether Gospel,' may reasonably expect that, as views of worldly advancement and emolu- the Lord bas ordained, they may live by ment, than it is unbecoming to make them the Gospelt;' may be placed in the same of paramount importance, and to pursue condition of outward respectability, in them beyond their just degree.

wbich the diligent employment of the same “ Let it be remembered too, that it is talents would have placed them in other required by divine authority, not only professions.” P. ix. that those who minister at the altar, should devote a regular portion of their time to Dr. D'Oyly then proceeds to antheir high and holy functions, but also that ticipate and answer the followiog they should be set apart from the ordinary objections. secular employments of life, ordained by imposition of hands, and thereby invested “But we are told, perhaps, that this with authority to act as stewards of the acknowledged insufficiency of remunemysteries of God. Nor is it fitting ration to the minister, in so many benethat this office should be undertaken with fices, arises altogether from the unequal out a regular course of preparatory edu- distribution of the revenues of the Church; cation. For if we find that no one ever and that the portion of the clergy, who thinks of engaging in the professions which are provided for on too large a scale, is at concern the temporal interests of men, least as great as of those whose profeswithout having regularly devoted his time sional income is too narrow and contractand attention to its peculiar duties ; who ed. Without, however, entering far into could tolerate the notion that a different such a subject as this, I may be permitted course can with propriety be pursued to assert the fact, which rests on state* 1 Cor. iv. I.

* Eph, vi. 17. t Cor. ix. 14.

ments too clear to be doubted, that, cated clergy, who are generally respeceven if all the larger preferments were table, no less for their professional and stript to increase the smaller ones, still other acquirements, than for genuine the conseqnence would be, that the whole Cbristian zeal and inward piety of heart, of the clergy would be placed on a very and amongst whom are to be found indihamble scale of remuneration, such as no viduals of the highest range of talents and considerate person would allow to be attainments, would be desirous of seeing suited to their character and station. But, that tame mediocrity of character introgranting such an arrangement to take duced amongst us, which would unavoidplace, what would be the consequence? ably result from the general reduction of Most assuredly, that the talents, attain. all preferments to one uniform and modements, and general respectability, pos- rate level. sessed by the clergy as a body, would be “ But, having adverted to the too pocome greatly reduced. For let it be ask- merous instances amongst us, in wbicb ed, under a system which brought the the labourer in the vineyard of Christ is value of all preferments to one mode- deprived of that recompense of worldly rate level, where, with reference to those emolument which is justly due to him, do worldly advantages which must and ought not the circumstances of the present times to weigh in their just degree with every call upon us to allude to another descriphuman being, where would be the re- tion of recompense, of which all the miward of merit, where the prize that ani- nisters of the Gospel are now too generally mates hope, and stimulates to exertion? deprived; I mean, a fair return of bonour Where would be the inducement to per and respect for conscientions endeavours sons of rising talent and superior endow- to perform their duty ? While to the *ments to devote themselves to the service value of this recompense no person, in any of the Church, in preference to other pro- department of life, can be insensible; the fessions, in which their laudable ambition the minister of the Gospel doubly prizes of worldly distinction might have fairer it, becanse he feels that, on the good occasions and ampler recompense pred opinion of those, who are intrusted to his sented to it? Surely, it will pot be deem- charge, will largely depend the influence ed an ill-timed or an empty boast, but a which his instructions -carry with them, matter on which we may at all times re- and his usefulness in the exercise of his flect' with honest pride and exultation, that spiritual functions. If then, in all other the Church of England has hitherto drawn professions, there be no indisposition on very abundantly on the best talent of the the part of the public to do full justice to country for the supply of her ministry; meritorious zeal, and to praise-worthy that she has numbered amongst those, exertion; why, let it be asked, is a difwho have been ordained to assist at her ferent measure so often dealt out to the holy offices, inany who would have been ministers of the Gospel? Why are they proud ornaments to any profession ; many 80 frequently assailed, in various publicawho have done excellent service to the tions of the day, by every species of mis. great cause of Christianity, by standing representation, calamny, and invective? up at the hour of trial for the successful Why are they subjected to that worst defence of her bulwarks. Had all her description of inquisitorial censure, which higher dignities and honours and emolu- greedily seizes on every failing and infir. ments been laid low in the dust, where mity, and delights to magnify it in public would have been those, her great lights view, while it studiously suppresses, and and ornaments of elder and of later times, keeps in the back-ground, every topic of whose works remain as models of pro- well-earned praise and hovour? Why, found erudition, of clear and apposite when the general moderation of the clergy reasoning, of sound exposition, of com- in exercising their rights of property is manding eloquence; and who claim for acknowledged by every candid mind, are her in these particulars a marked pre-emi- they so often represented as rigid and nence over the other churches of Christ- severe exactors? Why, if here and there endom? No doubt, their high talents occur unhappy instances of misconduct in would have been drawn to other callings individual members of this sacred body and walks of life, and would not have -instances which their brethren lament graced the lists of our Church, nor liave tenfold, but from which they feel it vain been exerted in her defence. Surely, to expect that so large a body can be then, no real friend to the interests of wholly exempt why is the whole order, religion amongst ", no one who knows with a measure of peculiar injustice, such the value and the influence of a well.edu. as is dealt out to no other class of mea,

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