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Upon departing from Elim, the Israelites en- cloud) will stand before thee there upon the rock in camped by the Red Sea. “As the mountains of Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall
come water out of it that the people may drink. And the Sinaitic group extend in lofty and broken Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.” ridges northwestward quite into the sea, thus crossing obliquely the line of march of the The pungent question which the people put Hebrews southward, they could not advance, to Moses,—“Wherefore is this that thou hast except by bearing eastward along Wady Humr, brought us up out of Egypt to kill us and our or turning to the right, and passing down Wady children and our cattle with thirst ?” would Tyebeh to the sea. They, therefore passed seem to intimate, that they had doubts of his through this last gap in the mountain, and integrity, and suspected that he was in colluentered the “ wilderness of Sin.” This is a sion with Pharaoh, intending to secure their sterile stony district, lying along the coast, and destruction in the wilderness. It was this extending far southward. From it the moun- suspicion, probably, that made them almost tain ranges run eastward, and northeastward, ready to stone Moses. They had evidently far into the interior. Of course, between them | taken up stones with this intent; otherwise are valleys, or what we would call passes or Moses could scarcely have said, “They be algorges. One of these, Feiran, extends by Gebel most ready to stone me.” How truthful is Serbal to the very base of Mount Sinai. The this character of an ignorant and suffering object of Moses, in descending through Tyebeh people? We have seen the same exhibitions to the sea, evidently was to come to the outlets in Paris and St. Petersburg during the prevaof these mountain valleys, and through them lence of the cholera. The poor people susto penetrate more easily to Horeb, which is pected that their governments had employed shut up as a sanctuary in the interior. The the physicians to kill them; and in Paris an probability is that they entered the mountains armed force was necessary to protect the phythrough several valleys, thus dividing their vast
sicians during their professional visits to the host into several portions; and as they ad-hospitals ; and in St. Petersburg the prevanced they concentrated in the large and
sence of the Emperor at the barricades, well-watered valley of Feiran, in the vicinity and his paternal and religious exhortation of Gebel Serbal. If Serbal be not the true
were necessary to quiet the excited mulHoreb, but the mountain now visited as such titudes, and induce them to lay down their be it indeed, then they advanced east and weapons. southeast along Wady Feiran and Wady es
At Rephidim a new and unexpected danger Sheikh to the modern Mount Sinai. In either presented itself. When Israel departed from case, the view intended to be presented in the Egypt, the Lord would not lead them by the engraving in the fore part of the number, lay way of the land of the Philistines, though that to the west of them, exhibiting a portion of the
was the direct route from Egypt to Canaan, Red Sea, and the gloomy and precipitous because it was feared that the warlike Philismountains of the African Thebaid, to great
tines would resist their passage by force of advantage. But I must advertise the reader
arms; and thus the ignorant and unwarlike that the sacred historian places Rephidim much multitude would fly back to Egypt. They further from the sea, quite within the moun
were therefore led far to the south, through tains, and only one day's journey from Ho
the wilderness of Mount Sinai, with the intenreb. The passage of Scripture in which the
tion of approaching Palestine from the south. position of Rephidim is suggested, is so beau
They had now been out from Egypt more than tiful and so truthful, when we consider the
a month, during which time the news of their moral condition of the people, their circum- into the wilderness towards Palestine, had
passage of the Red Sea, and of their advance stances, and the character and duties of Moses, that the reader must have the benefit of it.
spread thither, and had aroused the fears of the
Amalekites, whose country lay south of Pales“And all the congregation of the children of Israel jour- tine, extending southward to the vicinity of neyed from the wilderness of Sin, and pitched in Rephidim; Horeb. These Amalekites were the descendants and there was no water for the people to drink, wherefore
of Esau by his eldest son, and were a powerthe people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said, Why chide ye with
ful nomadic or shepherd people. They natume? Wherefore do ye tempt the Lord ? And the people rally dreaded the approach of such a host as thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought they organized an expedition to oppose them
Israel with their flocks and herds; and therefore us up out of Egypt to kill us and our children and our And Moses cried unto the Lord, say.
in the mountain defiles, and thus check them ing, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost before they advanced into the higher and more ready to stone mo. And the Lord said unto Moges, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Is
open country to the north, which was properly rael, and thy rod wherewith thou smotest the river (or
the pasture-grounds of Amalek.
This expesea) take in thine hand and go. Behold I (the luminous dition attacked a portion of the Hebrew host
cattle with thirst?
in the rear, as it could scarcely expect to meet visible in the wondrous story of the wanderit successfully in a set battle. It was the lings,) and placed him at the head of the manner, as much as the wickedness of the Hebrew force. The fight was long and fierce, attack itself (for they were brethren, the one and the fortunes of the day rose and fell as descended from Esau and the other from Moses was able to hold up his hands towards Jacob), that caused Jehovah to give the follow- heaven; or as weary they sunk by his side. ing charge to Israel, thirty-eight years after- As the sun went down, “Joshua discomfited wards on the banks of the Jordan,—“Remember Amalek and his people with the edge of the what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when sword. And the Lord said unto Moses, I will ye were come forth out of Egypt; how he met utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of from under heaven.” How truly this purpose thee, even all that were feeble behind thee, has been accomplished will appear from the when thou wast faint and weary; and he fact, that no vestige of this people can now feared not God. Therefore it shall be, when be found. It does not follow that they have the Lord thy God hath given thee rest from all all perished. The declaration of Jehovah is thine enemies round about, in the land which not to this effect; but he says, he will put out the Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheri- the “remembrance," that is the name of tance, to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the Amalek. Five hundred years after the battle remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; at Rephidim, Saul nearly exterminated them; thou shalt not forget it.” (Deut. xxv. 17-19.) and shortly after Saul, David supposed that he The details of the battle at Rephidim may be had not left of Amalek either man or woman found in the seventeenth chapter of Exodus. alive. From this period they melted away and In the first we have clear manifestation of the were lost in the Nabatheans. divine will, that Israel should defend himself From this first martial display of the He80 soon as he was able, and to the extent of brews, their military organization took its his ability, thus co-operating with the divine rise. This, as well as the further developprovidence over him. When Amalek appeared, ment of their state policy, will be reserved for Moses called Joshua, (who now first becomes illustration in a future number.
FIGURE 1. Dress Toilette.—Robe Louis XIII., of straw- | very wide apart at the bottom, and approach gradually
with two long ends, and between the næuds, grapes of The corsage, the sleeves, and the mountings of the skirt large golden pearls. Hair in bandeaux, puffing below the are trimmed with a ruche of black lace forming the head temples. of the principal trimming, which is everywhere two rows FIGURE 2. Toilette of a Young Lady.-Robe of light blue of very light black silk lace, with large dents. The lace taffetas. Corsage falling away, exposing a chemisette of is gathered a little, especially round the base of the white lace. Waist long. Berthe round, tucked up in sleeves, and of the skirt. The mountings of the jupe are front en draperie. Skirt double, the under one plain and
full. The upper is festooned at the sides. The corsage is foliage, placed low on the left side, and it is lined with trimmed with six heads of white plumes, two placed straw-coloured taffetas. together at the middle of the berthe, and then four Robe of dark green taffetas, trimmed on the skirt with graduated in size and distances toward the waist, the six flounces cut in rounded scallops, and pinked. Three lowest being the smallest. On each side of the upper
similar volants finish the sleeves. Corsage open in front jupe are five plumes, graduated to correspond to those on in a wide V, extending entirely to the point. Around the corsage, and finally, at the lower end of these rows the opening is a revers also pinked. Plain chemisette are clusters of three plumes festooning the skirt. The with collarette and ruff of lace. Under-sleeves of tulle, berthe and the skirt are further ornamented with silver bordered with lace. passementerie and fringe, narrow on the former, and wide FIGURE 5. Walking Dress.-Bonnet of lilac taffetas, on the latter.
trimmed all round the edge with blonde, and with white FIGURE 3. Visiting Toilette.-Bonnet of pink satin, flowers and green foliage, both at the side and within the trimmed with a network of chenille, which encloses the face. Robe of damask without trimming; skirt very full. crown. Under-trimming of small white flowers. Hair in Pardessus of taffetas, of the colour called hanneton, which waving bandeaux.
is a kind of dull scarlet. It is edged with black lace de Robe of gros de tours, with white wreaths broché on a laine, and ornamented with galon sewed on zigzag. felt ground. Trimming of silk fringe of the same colour
FIGURE 6. Walking Dress.- Bonnet of white taffetas, as the dress, mixed here and there at considerable inter- disguised with crêpe lisse, and ornamented with white vals with white chenille. There are five rows of this
feathers beaded with foliage of green satin. Mantelet of fringe on the corsage, and eight rows on the skirt, the light green taffetas, trimmed with silk fringe correspondformer graduated in both width and length, the latter in ing in colour, surmounted with a bouillonné of the samo length only. The three rows which trim the sleeves are
material as the mantelet. Robe of felt-coloured taffetas, put on obliquely, being higher in front of the arm than
without trimming. at the back of it.
FIGURE 7. Home Toilette.--Head-dress a faucbon of red
poppy-coloured velvet, edged with white silk lace, which FIGURE 4. Visiting Toilette.-Bonnet de guerchener of extends under the chin and is there tied. Hair in pufing passementerie, called point d'Espagne, similar in many bandeaux. respects to the lace of that name, having the same little Robe and close pardessus of light green taffetas. The pearls which form its chief merit. This bonnet is orna- main skirt is plain and full; corsage high, and ornamented mented with a bouquet of small white flowers and green in front with small aiguillettes or points of passementerie,
with a noud to each of silk galon. The pardessus is Pelerine of jaconet, embroidered à l'Anglaise. Two adjusted to the corsage as though part of it. It is open in strips of thread lace form the trimming to the underfront, and sets to the shape with busk before and behind. sleeves and the pantalets. The edge of the corsage opening, and around the waist Round-crowned hat trimmed below with two noeuds of and the lower part of the sleeves are trimmed with a roll white riband. Hair in ringlets all over the head. and points of pinked taffetas. The jupe is very full, and FIGURE 9. Toilette de Ville.- Bonnet of white crape composed of two pinked flounces, rounded behind, but trimmed above with two white plumes falling one on tending to a point in front. A single pink volant finishes each side. Under-trimming of tulle, gathered, and an the sleeve.
edging of blonde. The corsage, the sleeves, and the two volants of the
Redingote of damasked taffetas. Corsage high; waist jupe have a second trimming of black lace, the edge of long; busked behind and before. Sleeves large at the which is rounded into large scales. On the corsage, the bottom. Collar, ruff, and under-sleeves of English lace. lace is put on flat, while that on the sleeves and the jupe Small, square India shawl, ground scarlet, with light is gathered. The under-sleeves are of white lace, very border. full, but gathered by a band at the wrist. Small collar of white lace, with a cravat of white riband.
GENERAL REMARKS.— Very little change has been made in the shape of bonnets, which have all the face a little open, and approaching on each side under the chin. As regards trimmings, however, there is a great variety of new and beautiful styles. Capotes of taffetas, for instance, are trimmed some with narrow volants, or gathered ruches of gauze or taffetas ribands; others with twists upon each recess composed alternately of biaises of satin and crêpe lisse, others still are trimmed or rather covered with volants of gauze riband, the edge of which is sometimes cut in rounded scallops, and sometimes has an ornament of a different description either woven in with the riband, or sewed to it: further, the trimming may be of blonde, of passementerie, of straw, &c., &c. For under-trimming in all these cases flowers are preferred.
Very pretty capotes are also made of tulle-malines with small spots. The tulle is always placed upon crape of some light colour, rose, lilac, yellow, or blue.
Robes for demi-dress bave almost all the corsage open nearly to the waist, and the sleeves also are open at the bottom. The skirts are long, too long, "Les Modes Parisiennes” thinks, to be worn elsewhere than in the car. riage or the drawing-room, it being entirely out of taste to sweep the walks of the Champs-Elysées with handsome silk dresses. There has been no change in the width of skirts. Robes of taffetas are still trimmed with many scalloped flounces. Five of these, diminishing gradually in width from the lowest to the highest, form a favourite mode. The first volant is usually about twice the width of the last.
Some very elegant silk robes are trimmed with volants bordered with gathered ruches of narrow lace de laine of colour corresponding with the robes. In this case there are only three volants, and the little ruche which borders them is placed also at the foot of the upper one. Ruches of narrow silk riband are often employed instead of those just describe l. If the robe is of several shades of colour, the riband is of satin, of that shade of the stuff which is most lively.
Fichus are much oftener ornamented with crossing volants than with ruffs. These volants are of Malines or Valenciennes lace, and are always separated by intermediates of embroidered muslin or of lace. The collar is composed of a foundation of embroidered muslin edged with a volant of lace. It must be remarked here that for morning negligés ruff trimmings are very often chosen rather than those just alluded to. For under-skirts, pan
talets for infants, etc., embroidery of the most compact Fig. 9.
kind is preferred.
For materials for dresses, especially for the morning, taffetas is much used. It is of all colours, plain and
striped. Among the novelties in this line may be menFIGURE 8. Dress for a Little Girl Twelve Years Old.- tioned the taffetas Pompadour, in white and green satin Frock of pile lilac taffetas. Corsage falling away all stripes, spotted with bunches of roses, the stuff Fontanges, round. Waist long. Skirt a little short, and gathered at of which the ground is pearl-gray, divided by a broad the waist, under a narrow belt which is tied behind. white stripe, covered also with small, neat blue flowers; Sleeves demi-large, and reaching but little below the and the taffetas Pompadour-duchesse, colour bleuet-camaieu elbow. The sleeve ends with four biaises, placed in relief (blue-onyx), with large white stripes varied with little one over the other; they are open at the elbow, and flowers interlaced with each other, and presenting many extend in front half way to the hand. The skirt is lively colours. There are also many changeable taffetas, trimmed with thirteen tucks, one over the other, occupy. among which the blue and gold edged with flowers is ing more than half its height.
TOILETTE DE VILLE.