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said, “If war arise, these foreigners will join and in intensity; surpassing the skill of the with the invading foes. Not far distant to the magicians, and causing the heart of the king east of them are the powerful Pales, or Philis- to yield reluctantly, and little by little, to the tines, whose ancestors long enjoyed the fatness demands of Moses. There is not, in the whole of this land. These Hebrews are from the compass of human history, a series of transacsame country, and are Pales or shepherds also. tions more natural and truthful than those Should the Philistines again invade Egypt, which occurred in the protracted contest they will enter it through the land of Goshen, between Pharaoh and his ministers and magiwhere the Hebrews will join them, and we cians on the one part, and Moses and Aaron shall be brought into bondage. Our safety is on the other. The essential feature in the to be found in being beforehand with them. contest, wherein lies its whole truth and power, We must reduce their number by rigorous is the gradual yielding of Pharaoh to the treatment, and bring them into the severest steadily advancing demands of Moses and servitude.” So reasoned the Egyptians, and Aaron. At last the crisis came. The king thus commenced the bondage of Israel. The had been forced to yield everything but an motives would seem to palliate the adoption of unconditional departure with wives, children, the policy of the Egyptians; but by the manner servants, and flocks; when Moses advanced his of carrying it out, the mingling of avarice and demands still further, and required an absolute ambition with their fears, their policy became and unconditional leave to depart. Upon this execrable. Their fears gradually gave way to the indignant monarch ordered him to fly, their avarice and ambition, and they continued and see his face no more, declaring that in to enslave the Hebrews from a corrupt and the day that he came into his presence he guilty love of ease and wealth.

should die. Then flashed the eyes of the The religious element in every community is Hebrew patriot with joy; and his mighty soul the most influential and permanent. It may gave utterance to these portentous words :vary in the manner of its manifestations, both “ Thou hast spoken well, I will see thy face with respect to doctrine and forms; but amid no more." all the variations of its expressions among The fate of Egypt and the triumph of Israel men, its essential element, divine worship and

now hastened apace.

There remained one obedience, is recognised and respected, in more plague of which the Egyptians had no civilized or in savage society. Hence, a plea notice until it was upon them. Several days founded upon religious obligation is always had elapsed since Moses departed from the respected when it is believed to be sincere. presence of Pharaoh; and all seemed quiet. Moses, the Jewish patriot, undertook to deliver But within the dwellings of Israel the Passover his countrymen from their bondage. He was preparing. Each family was cherishapplied to the king of Egypt for permission to ing a lamb without spot and blemish as a go three days' journey into the wilderness to sacrifice when the evening of the fourteenth the east of the Nile, in order to worship the day of the month should close in and veil the God of the Hebrews according to the rites and land in darkness. On that evening the blood ceremonies He himself had prescribed. This of the lamb was carefully received in a basin request was received by Pharaoh and his and sprinkled on the door-posts of each family ministers as tyrants and oppressors always residence; and the flesh was roasted in the receive the humble petitions of the oppressed. presence of the family standing around, and They said, “The people are idle, and hence girded for travel. As the magic hour of midare restless, and the proper answer to their re- night approached, and while they were in the quests is an increase of toil.” The cry of the midst of their paschal feast, a wail was heard oppressed rose higher into heaven and became arising from every dwelling in the land where louder in the ears of Jehovah, and He deter- the blood of the paschal lamb appeared not on mined to bring them forth with a “mighty the door. The destroying angel was abroad hand and an outstretched arm." That the with commission to smite the first-born in deliverance might be glorious, and the terrible every house not signed and protected by the vengeance which was to be executed on Egypt paschal blood. But, in the quaint yet significant might be discerned, a series of plagues were language of the Bible, “No dog even moved his brought upon the land by the divine power tongue (or barked) against any of the chilgiven to Moses and Aaron. And yet these dren of Israel.” The victory was won: the plagues were so brought as to be in accor- heart of the haughty Egyptian was broken: he dance, to some extent, with the natural pheno- and his people flew to the hea uarters of mena of the country, and with the wonders of Moses and Aaron, and said, “Rise up, and get that peculiar magic which was practised by you forth from among my people, both ye and the native sorcerers. But each successive the children of Israel; and go worship the plague increased in difficulty of production | Lord as ye have said. And take your flocks and your herds as ye have said, and be gone ; | that night, and made the sea dry land, and the and bless me also."

waters were divided. And the children of

Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the The Hebrews, according to the instruction dry ground; and the waters were a wall unto of Moses had kept within their dwellings until them on the right hand and on the left.” the destroying angel had passed. Now they (Exod. xiv.) poured forth from the Desert on the east, to the Nile on the west, and hurried forward in miraculous canal, whose lofty and overhanging

Let us pause a moment and look into that long lines, converging upon the head of the walls of water stand congealed by the divine Red Sea, intending to pass round it. But the Lord directed Moses to turn to the right, and power; let us contemplate the vast host of

Israel hastening through it, guided by the pass through the mountains, and encamp mysterious light that gleams from the luminous several miles below the head of the sea, on its side of the divine cloud which stands behind western shore. The narrow mountain valley them at the western entrance of the wonderful through which they approached the sea is still called, in the language of the country, Tiah host is coming up out of the midst of the

sea-chasm. The rear-guard of the astonished beni Israel, or the way of the children of Israel. At the mouth of this valley where it spreads left on the eastern banks of the sea, as the

waters, and silently deploying to the right and out on the sea-shore, hemmed in on either side divine cloud closes up the passage behind them. by inaccessible mountains, the host of Israel Silence reigns on the eastern shore throughout halted to rest, and to adjust their goods and the hosts of Israel, for the magnitude and mifurniture for their future travel in that peri- racle of their deliverance, and the awful and lous wilderness, whose black slaggy mountains loomed up to their view on the other side of glorious presence of God in the cloud of fire the sea. (See

represses every heart. Suddenly, as the day graving.) They seem not to have thought of being pursued by Pharaoh. dawns, they hear coming from the midst of the

sea where they had passed, cries of distress. They felt secure under the guidance and pro

For “ in the morning watch the Lord looked tection of God, whose presence was among them in the form of a luminous cloud.. But they pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled

unto the host of the Egyptians through the were suddenly awakened from their dream of security by the banners of Egypt flashing in the host of the Egyptians, and took off their the rays of the setting sun. Their hearts failed chariot wheels, that they drew them heavily: them for fear, and they cried to Moses for face of Israel, for the Lord fighteth for them

so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the help, at the same time reproaching him for having led them out of Egypt to die by the against the Egyptians.” See, in the dawn of the sword. As their cry rose to heaven, the morning, the divine cloud parts in the midst ; angel of the Lord (the Lord Jesus), which through the fiery opening Moses advances boldly

to the water, and stretching out his hand over went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud the sea, at the command of Jehovah, the sea

returns to his strength, and the Egyptians went from before their face and stood behind

are overthrown. “Thus the Lord saved Israel them; and it came between the camp of the

that day out of the hands of the Egyptians, Egyptians and the camp of Israel: and it was

and Israel saw them dead upon the seai cloud and darkness to those, but it gave light

shore.” by night to these ; so that the one came not near the other all the night.” Thus were the As the sun rose over the mountains of the Egyptians stayed, and Israel protected. But great and terrible wilderness, making manifest they could not remain long in that sterile and the greatness of their deliverance, and the inhospitable place. They must escape. But destruction of their enemies, the profound this was impossible, except through the sea. silence which had reigned on the eastern shore The extreme crisis had come ;-the hour for was broken by strains of inspired and triumphmanifesting the divine indignation and power ing music. The oldest and the finest epic was at hand. But this manifestation, like poem in the world burst spontaneously from all divine manifestations for the special bene- the hearts of the Hebrews. In it Moses narfit of man, was to be made through the symbol rates the glorious acts of Jehovah, while someof human agency. And the Lord said unto times the men, and sometimes the women Moses, “ Lift thou up thy rod, and stretch answer in chorus. The song concludes with out thy hand over the sea, and divide it, and one grand chorus by all. The following is the the children of Israel shall go on dry ground translation and arrangement of this fine epic, through the midst of the sea. And Moses by the celebrated Hebrew scholar, Dr. Kennistretched out his hand, and the Lord caused cot. The original may be found in the fifteenth the sea to go back by a strong east wind all chapter of Exodus. The scene is about fifteen

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We read travelling sketches as our children play with their kaleidoscopes. Nothing new can be exhibited—but as each revolution of the instrument developes new combinations, so every traveller has his own mode of shadowing forth his recollections. If ambitious of novelty, I should select scenes of minor interest; but sufficient reasons move me to lead the reader to the most familiar spots in Old England—to ground made classic ages ago—to scenes illustrated by the pens of biographers, poets, and philosophers—for the same causes which have consecrated these shrines still exist to create excitement and stimulate curiosity. As the very announcement of the subject stirs a responsive chord in the hearts of all, my task is as easy as that of the Arab who is guiding the caravan towards well-known springs of pure water.

I love Old England! Two hundred years ago my ancestors left her shores, because they there found, according to their convictions, no “Freedom to worship God.” But if England finally exiled, she first made the Puritan stock —and where else in Europe could a race of such intelligence and manly virtues have found an origin? The intolerance which exiled the Pilgrims, was an heirloom of ages, which even the fathers of New England were slow to surrender. England is Old America—and America,

With this op Shake Young England. The national antipathy between the two is a family rivalship. Each is very proud of the other, except when their paths cross; and then is heard a right oldfashioned family scolding—more unrestrained and clamorous from the near relationship of the parties.

During the war of words on “Oregon boundary,” I saw stuck up in the windows of London, a caricature of John Bull and Jonathan. John was, as usual, a stout, burly, ruby-cheeked old fellow, whose glorious “ British Constitu- , with a stout cane in hand, before Jonathan, tion” had been enlarged and invigorated by and gave him a look in which irritation, free indulgence in roast beef and plum pudding. jealousy, impatience, and pride struggled, His hat was set on proudly. His watch-chain with a little of the relenting and respectful air dangled ostentatiously from his portly chest. of relationship and good-will, while he said, His boots were double-soled, (or, as Mrs. Kirk- “ Boy,—will you strike your own daddy ?land pertinently says, "hoof-like,") implying Jonathan, a tall, overgrown, but well-knit not alone the solid foundation beneath him, and hardy youngster, was looking up impubut that the impulsive force of his lower extre- dently and flourishing his fist, as if he asked mities was admonitory! He stood bolt upright, no odds, but had fairly set up for himself. It

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did my heart good to see even in this carica- , pains for our entertainment. This family conture, that the parental and filial relation was sisted of Mrs. P- and some six children. In still recognised by British satirists, in those systematic arrangement, tidiness, comfort, days when the madness of politicians came courtesy, and unobtrusive but sincere piety, it near involving us in war.

was a model household-such as may often be England, yet covetous of dominion, antici- found in England. I felt at home, and yielded pates the growing decline of age, and is queru- myself delighted to the benevolent plans adopted lous. Young America looks forward to her for making my visit agreeable. own rising power and final supremacy, and is As is my custom, I first explored Leamington impertinent and reckless. This is the position itself. It was formerly only a small village, of the two nations. I am happy to believe, overshadowed by the pretensions of the more however, that in both countries, the ties of ambitious Warwick and Kenilworth. The blood, language, commerce, and religion, modern tendency to congregate at wateringabsorb and annihilate among thousands, the places, for recreation, has given it an impulse, jealousy and alienation which the peculiar so that it has the air of a modern, ruralized condition of the two nations is likely to engen- city of twenty thousand inhabitants. Its hot der. This is certainly the case with the middle springs, celebrated for three centuries past, as class in England, who have nothing to fear, but well as its contiguity to places made classic by much to hope from the example and tendency historical or poetic association, concentrate in of our free institutions. I had the honour to winter a crowd of the aristocracy, whose taste address crowded assemblies, and know that no is gratified by all the conveniences and embelsentiment could enkindle so sudden and rap- lishment deemed essential by the most fastiturous enthusiasm—an enthusiasm which Bri- dious class in Europe. But it is not of Leamtish audiences are not slow to indicate by clap- ington itself, that I desire to speak. When the ping and shouts—as allusion to the common reader is told, that at Leamington he is only origin, and the perpetual harmony of England three miles from Warwick, six from Kenilworth, and America—the Anglo-Saxon race of the and ten from Stratford-on-Avon, he will readily East and of the West. As an American, my conclude that we found more pleasure in outeyes often moistened while crowds before me side excursions, than in the town itself, beau.. acknowledged their paternal relation to my tiful and charming though it be. countrymen, and their desire for perpetuated

Our excursion to Stratford-on-Avon was a good-fellowship. As Americans, we need feel day to be remembered. No sun ever rose more no envy in view of what England, by the growth beautiful. And here I will vindicate English of a thousand years, now is, and we hope that weather from scandal, by asserting that for all our British brethren will rejoice and not repine the month of August, 1846, we had but two at the anticipation of what America is yet to be. rains and no fogs. Mr. P- had arranged that Her noble achievements in the past are our

we should travel post, if that term can be common heritage; and in the final elevation applied to a ten miles' journey. At an early which our national youth and opportunities hour our carriage made its' appearance. Its promise, our triumphs will be her victories- solid, heavy aspect, contrasted strangely with our expansion over the continent of the West, the gaudy and monkey-like dress of our posthe diffusion of her race, her literature, her tilion. Imagine a fat, animalized man of thirty, language, and her religion.

with a close-fitted cloth cap, tasseled, - closely I love to speak thus kindly of Old England— fitted and button-bedizened blue jacket—white for I have many a debt of gratitude to discharge cravat, and white short-clothes-long, tasseled for the open-handed hospitality of her citizens. boots, from which project enormous spursTo estimate a cordial welcome in one's own and whip in hand, which ever and anon he language in a foreign land, one must know flourishes with a coachee air, and you have our the solitude of a stranger. An agreeable redoubtable postilion. But to see him in his incident of this kind occurred at Leamington, glory, you must let him mount-and casting a in Warwickshire, the geographical centre of responsible look behind him, apply whip and England. My friend, Mr. C of London, was spur, while he goes bobbing up and down in about to spend a week with his friend Mr. P- the saddle, according to the most approved a merchant of Leamington, and invited me to transatlantic model of horsemanship. share in the excursion. Common sympathies Our company consisted of Mr. and Mrs. C—, in the cause of temperance led to our acquaint- Mr. and Mrs. P—, myself, and Miss P-, & ance, and he persuaded me to believe that I sweet little maiden of ten summers, who was a might be useful as well as pleased by the jaunt. pet of the party. Emerging from town, we It was in Aug ist, 1846, when we visited Leam- entered the vale of the Avon, and near the old ington—and were most hospitably received by castle and town of Warwick we crossed that his friend, who, with his family, spared no quiet, classic stream, on a massive and wide

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