« ForrigeFortsæt »
we must pause before the House of John good or settled with him which could not be Knox!
proved such,—and he kept his eye steadily on The edifice stands at the head of “the Ne- the morning sky of Christianity, and rejoiced ther-bow,” near the High Street, Edinburgh as it grew brighter and brighter towards the (old town). A considerable space stretches in perfect day. It is true, these characteristics front where a large concourse might assemble, may also have attracted to his standard the and from the upper window the Reformer was bold and bad, who follow the battle for spoilused to pour forth his eloquence without fear, but none such were his intimates in life, and favour, or affection. At the corner may be seen could only follow him at a distance. his bust of rudest stone, in the most artless The subjoined is his portrait by Thomas sculpture, and near it, a triple inscription of Carlyle, a sketcher not much given to flattery. the name of God in Greek, Latin, and English. “ They go far wrong who think that Knox was The several apartments have been rented to a gloomy, spasmodic, shrieking fanatic. Not different tenants whose sign-boards show pro- at all. He is one of the solidest of men. minent in our plate, but behind these is a re- Practical, cautious, hopeful, patient; a most deeming trace more sublime in its associations shrewd, observing, quietly discerning man. than the mark of the bloody hyssop on the In fact, he was very much the type of chalintel and door-posts of Israel-immediately racter we assign to the Scotch at present. ... over the door, in the strong and simple lan- An honest-hearted, brotherly man; brother to guage of the time, is written:
the high, brother also to the low: sincere in
his sympathy with both.” “Lufe . God . above . all . and . your . nich bour .
Knox pretended not to perfection himself, yourself.”
and no sane friend will claim it for him; but Knox has now been in his grave nearly three if we apply the old test that “he is most illuscenturies. His works have thus far stood the trious who is most useful,” the Reformer will test of time well; and the present age evinces not occupy a mean place among the benefacan increased desire to do him justice. But tors of his race. His was a most ungracious there is scarce a name in history which excites task, and he was not insensible to its grievousamong men such strong yet conflicting emo- He felt like Moses while slaying the tions—his traits divide each generation into Egyptian, and hoped his countrymen would ardent friends or bitter enemies, and many live to see and enjoy the “great deliverance" who agree on other points, crave to differ which he was working out for them. Lovelier about the Scottish ICONOCLASTES.
men, in milder times, might and would follow In the front rank of opposers stand all those and plant the tree of healing; his task was to interested in existing abuses, all who “love root up the upas of centuries, and this accomdarkness rather than light because their deeds plished, he died. are evil.” To such, John Knox was the torch- “ He had a sore fight of an existence—wresbearer of Time, pouring light on their orgies. tling with popes and princes,—rowing as a galBut on the same side we find a very different ley slave, wandering as an exile—a sore fight class, whom to confound with the first would but he won it. • Have you hope ?' they be the grossest injustice,—we mean the gentle asked him, when he could no longer speak-he and the amiable, who abhor revolution as “the pointed upward with his finger and so died. worst remedy of the worst of men,” and whose His works have not died—the letter of his actions and lives are in happy contrast with work dies, as of all men's; but the spirit of it their latitudinarian principles.
never !” (Carlyle, Hero Worship.) Of his admirers we must hail all the true All honour then to his memory—and honour friends of true progress. Knox was the very to the lowly rooftree that sheltered his achincarnation of “advancement.” Nothing was ing head.
PAR ALPHONSE DE LA MARTINE.
A un ami qui demandait un conseil sur une maison qu'il faisait bâtir.
Veux-tu, sans règle et sans équerre
Orienter la ruche à miel ?
Et la fenêtre sur le ciel.
“ The ice was here, the ice was there,
0, whither sail you, brave Englishman? Franklin?
Cried the little Esquimaux.
Between your land and the polar star
My goodly vessels go.
Come down, if you would journey there,
The little Indian said;
And change your cloth for fur clothing,
Your vessel for a sled.
But lightly laughed the stout Sir John,
And the crew laughed with him too :Half England is wrong, if he is right;
A sailor to change from ship to sled, Bear off to westward then.
I ween, were something new!
THE WASHINGTON NATIONAL MONUMENT.
BY THE REV. J.
On the border of the broad and beautiful | Washington's death. But nothing was done Potomac, due west of the Capitol and south of till 1833, when a “Washington National Monuthe President's house, on a spot in full view ment Society” was formed with Chief Justice for ten miles down the river, till it sweeps Marshall at its head, and measures were taken round the bend at Mount Vernon, stands the to gather funds. By way of apportioning beginning of the giant structure that is to be. them as widely as possible among the people,
At a distance, it might be taken for a rather subscriptions were limited to a dollar; it beangainly block of white dwelling-houses, but ing calculated that if only a quarter of that for the clear lines and surface it presents were given by every working man, it would be against the horizon. On a pyramidal base of more than enough for the most imposing monudark stone, near twenty feet high, some five- ment in the world. But one dollar is so little and-thirty feet of the marble obelisk are towards a million, that to many it seemed noalready built; and by the end of the season, thing at all; and some who would have freely it will be at least a hundred feet above the given a thousand, refused and ridiculed the one. ground. Stone to the value of five thousand Then came the “ crash” of 1837; the propidollars is already prepared for use; and a tious season went by; only thirty thousand steam engine is in working order for hoisting dollars were obtained; and the ambitious proit to its resting-place. So much of the work ject went to sleep. is done and paid for, and about ten thousand It woke again in 1847. While it slept, its dollars were on hand to commence operations seed had been growing, and had now expanded on the first of April.
to fifty thousand dollars. Some thirty thouAgents are canvassing the country in every sand more were added by diligent endeavours, direction. About a thousand dollars were re- and it was judged time to begin. The plan ceived in one week; and funds are coming in adopted was one quite as remarkable for vastpretty steadily, at the rate of about three ness of outline as for beauty of detail; and it thousand a month. I saw lately a handful had this special recommendation, that its of golden eagles, the Chickasaws' gift of two grandest feature must be completed first, and hundred dollars “in testimony of their love for may stand by itself as long as it is thought their great father.” The Choctaws are to send desirable. The address at the laying of the their contributions in the shape of a block of corner-stone, was to be delivered by John stone. The several states of the Union are Quincy Adams, on the 22d of February, 1848; contributing their monumental blocks from but that day he was dying in the Capitol, and their own quarries, and probably not one will the Hon. Speaker Winthrop fulfilled his office be unrepresented in it. The Masons and the on the fourth of July following. Odd Fellows have appropriated each Order its In judging of the plan from the engraving, gift. About two hundred companies and asso- one should translate it by the aid of his imagiciations have offered their subscriptions in nation into the towering magnitude it is ingranite and marble, at an average cost of tended to have. As to the Doric colonnade about fifty dollars. Children's schools have and the circular “Pantheon” with its Italian sent their offerings in little sums; banks and balustrade, they are merely representatives capitalists in larger ones. About half a mil- for the present of a part of the architect's lion more will be required to fill out the grand conception, and are never likely to be built. outlines of the plan, to say nothing of the de- A great deal of affliction and indignation in corative appendages below.
respect of them, has gone to waste. I will enThe first project of some such great national deavour first to do justice to his intention, and structure dates back as far as 1783, when then suggest the modifications which he himCongress passed a resolution to erect an eques- self has hinted at, and which the public taste trian statue of Washington in the national will doubtless demand. capital, wherever that might be. In 1804, the The main thing in the structure is an obelisk, subject was taken up again in connexion with fifty-five feet square at the base, and intended the public testimonials of mourning, after to be six hundred feet high. Some intimations
have been thrown out of reducing it to five such a muffled and uncomfortable look to the hundred; but the popular will should suffer no engraving-I have the best reason to think abatement. It is not the American temper to that the architect himself is not over-partial to retreat! The full altitude will be a hundred it. It was thrown off hastily, simply to hint and fifty feet higher than the cross of St. Pe- at his intention; and has been, unfortunately, ter's, and a hundred and twenty higher than reduplicated and perpetuated in ten thousand the largest pyramid. The plain shaft on such a indifferent lithographs, to the prejudice of the scale, will be the noblest of monuments. Its total design, and the obscuring of his idea. beautiful proportions are not given in any en- An Egyptian structure, with American details, graving that I have seen. From a thickness (representing the characteristic productions of of fifteen feet, the walls diminish at that our continent in place of the symbolic scrawls height to thirty inches, leaving an open that cover the vast fabrics of Thebes) seems to space, or well-room, of twenty-five feet square. be his own preference, and is certainly capable I asked the architect one day where he could of very great richness and beauty; but for find a capstone large enough to cover it. His purposes of mere explanation, the drawing answer was, it should be roofed with an enor- given is as good as any other. mous flat pyramid of glass! The ascent is to The intention of the lower portion, then, is be by flights of iron steps at the four sides, to symbolize the entire nation, as the shaft far easier than the dizzy whirl by which one above commemorates its model man. For it is rotates to the top of the monuments at Bunker a “National” as well as a “Washington” moHill and Baltimore. The hand-rail, being nument. The plinth on which it rests is a vast hollow, will serve as a conductor for gas; and crypt, or arched structure, forming a platform the whole of this prodigious vertical cavern
or terrace three hundred feet square, and shall be as light as day!
twenty-five feet high. Besides the needful What will make it particularly interesting offices, &c., for the persons in charge, it might as a national structure, is the emulous sending serve as a national mausoleum of the illustrious in of the blocks of stone, before spoken of, dead of our country, and something of the asfrom states and associations. Michigan, we sociations might in time be gathered about the hear, will send a block of pure native copper. spot, which make Westminster Abbey and Minesota las transmitted a slab of the red Santa Croce holy ground. The circular tempipestone whereof calumets are made a stone ple standing upon this elevated terrace, is two held sacred among the Indians, both curious hundred and fifty feet across, and seventy-five and valuable. California has only to follow it feet high. Spreading either way from the up by a block of gold quartz, of which a whole porch or vestibule (surmounted by a colossal ridge of mountains there is said to be com- sculptured group) is a circular row of Doric posed. Two noble specimens of gray marble columns forty-five feet high and seven or eight are already on the ground from Tennessee. in diameter; the scrolls in the entablature Arkansas and Maine, have each a block there being the escutcheons of the several States. with the unadorned name of the state. One This colonnade forms a covered gallery of magof the purest white, bears the inscription, nificent dimensions, adorned with colossal sta“The City of Washington to its Founder.” tues of eminent men, say the signers of the The Delaware stone has a medallion head of Declaration. Entering by a lofty portal (here Washington, three inches in relief, with an in- represented as something like forty feet in scription of workmanship to correspond. The height), you come to an interior gallery, state contributions are to be built into con- lighted from above, and adapted for the disspicuous positions at the landings of the stairs; play of banners, pictures, and statuary on the and, with the others, will make a decoration largest scale. The entire circuit of this galas unique as beautiful. It will be a running lery would be about five hundred feet. Here, inscription of five hundred feet: This is the again, in the course of time, would be gathered Contribution of a Continent. And withal there a majestic assembly of our statesmen, Greenis a pleasant contrast between this and the old ough's Jove-like Washington, perhaps, premonuments of Egypt (which it rivals) in the siding in the solemn council. The elevated republican spirit which is building and adorn- terrace above, and the apartments for various ing it, for not only is it a free gift, and not the purposes that might be formed in the waste task-work of a despot, but the men who labour room behind the Doric entablature — itself on it have given out of their wages, some five, twenty-five feet high-need no detailed deand some ten dollars each as their contribu- scription. Above them all, towers the great tion; and several of them something besides in Obelisk to the additional height of five hunlabour.
dred feet. As to the circular structure—which, to say How far the complex idea of such a strucnothing of its incongruous architecture, gives ture as a monumental work justifies so diver