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avail those who went not in? Did the sight of the ark administer any consolation to those who were perishing all around it? And the door of the ark being closed against them, their shrieks and dying groans would avail them nothing. Those who were drowned by the flood were not profited by the ark While the waters were rising over their heads the thought that they had been invited into the ark but refused until the door was shut, was calculated greatly to heighten and to aggravate their misery. Now, in a spiritual sense, Christ is emphatically the Ark of safety. But will Christ save those who do not obey him, who do not come unto him? There is no condemnation to them who are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh but after the Spirit.”*. But in the day when men must give up their account, what will be the situation of those who shall not be found in Christ walking in the Spirit? but will be found walking “according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience? The weight of their own folly will sink them; the waters of divine wraih will overwhelm them; and despair will forever prey upon them, like the worm which dieth not: and the fire into which they will be cast is unquenchable Will their sorrow be mitigated by the recollection that the precious blood of Christ was shed for them? will the sight of Christ upon his glorious throne alleviate their pain? Is not their situation as dreadful as if Christ had never died? Yea, the thought that Christ has died for them, and in the most affectionate manner invited them to come to him, will, indeed, greatly aggravate their condemnation. Let not any then expect that the precious blood of Christ will screen them from the wrath of God, unless they have clean hands and a pure heart. Atonement will avail them nothing who live and die in sin.

* Rom. viii, 1.

Some will tell you that Christ has suffered in the room and stead of the sioner, what is equivalent to the second death. But the fact is that the sufferings of Christ as to kind and quantity, fall infinitely short of the second death. For, although Christ suffered greatly from the powers of earth and hell, yet he never suffered what is expressed by the phrase, “The wages of sin." Christ has tasted death for every man. But that death which the wicked die, he never tasted. Some say, that, though he could not suffer remorse of conscience, yet he suffered all that natural evil which the wicked cndure in hell, and that in the sinner's room and stead. But this, if what we have heard on the subject be true, Christ never suffered.

What Christ has done to make atonement for sin, is intinitely more than equivalent to the damnation of sinners: for atonement lays a foundation for eternal salvation. Through the atonement of Christ ten thouSand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands of the children of men, will be saved. But if all mankind had been cast into an eternal hell, their sufferings would make no atonement liistead of procuring salvation, they wouk exclude the very idea of salvation. For eternity bas no end.

Sinners, we will say, deserve to suffer forever; when Therefore, they have suffered forever, if this were possible. they would have a right to be exempted from any further suilering; but exemption from suffering on this ground would exclude grace. For what grace would there be in exempting a person from suffering when he had suffered all the evil which he deserved And it in this, there would be no grace, then, surely, there would be none in exempting him from suffering. when another had taken bis piace and suffered in his room and stead an equivalent to the sinner's suffering forever. Tocmank the person who should exempt him fro! sufi!!!??, alnder these circumstances, would be a. Iktion upon his substitute.

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The doctrine of substitution excludes the necessity of our suffering, not only, in the future, but, equally in the present, state. God brings evil upon sinners in this world: But it would be as unjust to bring sufferings on sinners in this world, as in the world to come, if all the suffering which they deserve had been laid upon Christ. Therefore as sinners suffer in this world, we know, of consequence, that it hath not been laid upon Christ. For, to lay sufferings for the same crime both on Christ and on the sinner, would be unjust. That atonement therefore doth not cousist in Christ's suffering what singers deserve, is just as evident to me, as that “the Judge of all the earth will do right.”

Let us return from this digression.

3. That the atonement will not profit men without obedience, may be illustrated by attending to certain metaphors, by which our Saviour is represented in the word of God.

Behold, saith Isaiah, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment. And a man shall be as a hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place; and the shadow of a great rock in a weary land. This prophecy, saith Dr. Lowth, in its highest sense, is applicable to Christ; who is here represented as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest,” &c.

Suppose then a place is prepared at great expense and from a principle of benevolence, for the defence of those who might be exposed to imminent destruction by reason of a severe thunder tempest. The clouds gather blackness, the lightnings play in forked fury, and peals of thunder roar all around; the rain descends, and the floods come, and the winds blow, and threaten inevitable ruin to all who do not repair to this place of safety. They who flee to this hiding place, are secure from all barm. But all those who repair not to this place of defence, are involved in confusion and swallowed up in death; and thousands of dead bodies are found lying about the place of safety. Now, you see that this covert from the tempest was of no avail to those who refused to run into it. The object of this illustration is easy to be understood. We see then that the atonement of Christ will avail those nothing who do not run into his name; which, to those who do run is a strong tower, and an hiding place from the indignation of that God, who will tear them in pieces that forget him.

We readily see that a tower, however strong, will not protect those who do not run into it.

Also water in a dry place, will not avail those any thing who refuse to drink of it.

The Man, who is Christ, is represented as a great rock in a weary land. How refreshing it must be to a man fainting with heat to find a great rock at hand, to whose shadow he may repair for protection from a scorching sun! The Rock Christ is every where offering himself, the salvation of man. But they who turn from him, and refuse to put their trust in him, must perish beneath the wrath of that God, who “is a consuming fire."

Christ is the only foundation, on which, if we build, our salvation is certain; but if not we must perish. And the name of Christ is the only name, by which man can be saved; but in this name we must trust, or perish.

4. The great worth and infinite importance of atonement, and at the same time the absolute necessity of obedience on our part in order to salvation, may be illustrated by a bridge thrown over a rapid stream, which can be passed no other way than by means of it.

We will suppose that nothing but inevitable destruction awaits all those who remain on this side of the bridge; for here is a wilderness full of ravenous beasts, a wilderness “from whence come the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent."* Besides, the inhabitants are reduced to extreme poverty, being wretched and miserable; and must soon, unless relief be afforded them, perish with hunger, or be devoured by those voracious animals or poisonous reptiles. In the midst of wretchedness, when they could discern no eye to pity them, a proclamation goes forth bidding them welcome to pass the bridge, where they would find every thing necessary to make them happy. Some hear the trumpet's joyful sound, obey the command, comply with the invitation, and with rapture repair to the bridge, pass over to the other side, and find every thing as expressed in the proclamation. Others make Jight of it. They hate the builder of the bridge, and all his family; yea, they hate the men who came to publish “the good tidings;" while those who passed over cry, saying, “How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that pub. lisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good; that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion thy God

* Isai, xxx, 6.

T'hose who had made light of the proclamation, , having spent all their days in “weaving the spider's web” to prepare to pass the rapid stream, you see in the attempt to pass, plunging into the mighty waters; you hear their shrieks and dying groans; but you will see them no more; they are gone to the bottom of the deep: “they sunk as lead in the mighty waters."

In this illustration, we have a most bright display of divine benevolence, and human folly: benevolence, in the rich provision made for our salvation; and the extreme folly of man, in making light of it. It teaches that atonement will avail nothing to the disobedient. “Beware therefore lest that come upon you, which is spoken of in the prophets; Behold, ye despisers, and wonder and perish." Christ, surely, will not prove to be the Author of eternal salvation unto those who love him not, and keep not his commandments. For, if any


* Isai. lii, 7.

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