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he had given his most cordial consent; he is therefore represented by the Prophet Isaiah, “as a lamb brought to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth.” It behoyed the Son of God to suffer; he engaged to be obedient unte death, even the death of the cross. All things which were written in the Holy Scriptures concerning him, must be fulfilled. And the omniscient Redeemer knew from what quarter all his sufferings and death would come. Jesus, being the predicted Seed of the woman, knew that he should bruise the serpent's head; and he knew, that in the contest, he should receive from the power of darkness, a bruise upon his heel.

The Lamb of God knew that he must be slain; this was made certain by his own consent to the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God concerning the event. Christ always knew who would betray bim, and into whose hands he should be delivered. He not only knew that he must die, but he knew by whose hands he must taste the bitter cup of death. Him being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God ye have taken, and by wickede hands have crucified and slain.Hence Christ must be slain; his blood niust be shed; but for the redemption of sinners, the manner of his death was as necessary, as the death itself. Christ must be betrayed, and by one of his disciples it must be done; and he must be delivered to be crucified according to the determinate counsel of God; he must be slain; his blood must be shed: but BY WICKED HANDS IT MUST BE

He must not only be slain by wicked hands, but he must die the ignominious death of the cross. He must expire upon the accursed tree. Hence, there would have been no redemption for sinners, had not Christ been delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God. And, the blood of Christ would not have been the blood of redemption, had it not been poured out upon the cross according to the Scriptures. “The kings of the earth,” therefore, “stood


up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his Christ. For, of a truth, against thy boly child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, for to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined be: fore to be done."*

So we see that the Anointed of the Lord must die by the hands of wicked men; and, that his blood might avail to our redemption, he must die upon the cross, in the place of skulls, without the walls of the holy city.

The blood of Christ, however precious, had it been shed within the walls of the holy city, would not have answered the purpose of our redemption. For the

" bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burnt without the camp. Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.”+ Therefore the foundation of our redemption, essentially, consists in all the events being fulfilled in Christ, which were predicted concerning him: If, concerning him, other things had been predicted, these also must have been fulfilled.

God said concerning his Son Jesus, A bone of him shall not be broken. A bone therefore was not broken. But if instead of this, God had said, Some of his bones shall be broken, not upon the cross, but within the walls of Jerusalem; but not a drop of his blood shall be shed, then, our redemption would have depeuded essentially upon the bones of Christ being broken, and no blood shed according to the prediction. And this being the case, all sacrifices and burnt-offerings, requiring the shedding of blood, would have been excluded from the system of redemption.

Had God seen fit, in the covenant of redemption, he could have made the breaking of the bones of his

* Acts iv, 26-28.'

| Heb. xii, 11, 12.

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beloved Son, as essential to our salvation, as the shedding of his blood now is. This is evident, for the Al mighty is not governed by fatal necessity. He work. eth all things according to the counsel of his own will. Not only the work of creation, but the glorious work of redemption is according to the will of God.

The plan of redemption is the plan of God; and it was chosen and constructed according to his sovereign will and pleasure. Deity was not led to it by the law of fate, or natural necessity; but it was constructed according to his holy will.

Divine sovereignty is marvellously displayed in the conversion and salvation of sinners; and no less was the sovereign pleasure of God displayed in constructing the plan of redemption: Therefore why it was so constructed may be answered in the words of Christ, “Even so Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.

Whatever was written in the law of Moses concerning Christ, has been fulfilled: in him all the types and shadows are found perfectly to concentre.

Christ was the antitype of Moses as a prophet, and of Aaron as a priest He was the antitýpe not only of the high priests but of their offerings, of the slain goat, and of the scape goat; of the slain bird, and of the living bird.

The most ancient prediction concerning Christ has been fulfilled; namely, that the Seed of the woman should bruise the serpent's head, and that the serpent should bruise the heel of the woman's Seed. The heel of the woman's Seed must be bruised, and it must be effected by the serpent and his seed.

Theretore Christ was betrayed by an apostate disciple, under the influence of the serpent; and he was delivered to the Roman soldiers to be crucified, by the princes of this world who knew not God. "We speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the world unto our glory; which none of the princes of this world

knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.”

Christ must not only be crucified; but he must be crucified between two thieves. Although he was God's righteous servant, yet he must be treated and put to death as a malefactor. Pilate said to the enemies of Christ, “What accusation bring ye against this man? They answered and said unto him, if he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him unto thee. Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews, therefore, said unto him, it is not lawful for us to put any man to death: that the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die."*

Pilate wished not to be concerned in the execution of the immaculate Jesus; and, therefore, he said to the Jews, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. But the Jewish law was, that a man for blasphemy, which was the charge brought against Christ, should be executed by stoning; according to Leviticus xxiv, 16; “And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him.” Christ knew that he should not be put to death by being stoned, but “by being lifted up from the earth, or by crucifixion, which was a Roman punishmerit.” Therefore, though Christ was condemned by a Jewish court, yet he must be delivered to the Gentiles, that is, to the Romans, to be executed.

Christ foretold his disciples of his death, and “what death he should die," not that he should be stoned to death by the Jews; but that he should be crucified by the Gentiles. That things were so constructed, he had, previously to his death, taught his disciples, "And Jesus, going up to Jerusalem, took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and said unto them, Behold we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of mar shak be betrayed unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death. And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge, and to crucify bim.”*

* John xvü, 29—31.

Jesus knew no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth; yet agreeably to bis owo declaration, he must be numbered among the transgressors, "For I say unto you, That this that is written must yet be accom plished in me, and he was reckoned among the trans: gressors: for the things concerning me have an end ”# *And because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth, he therefore, made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death.' Our blessed Saviour had a perfect knowledge of all the ill treatment which he should receive from his enemies. And he was prepared for all the events of providence concerning him:

To fulfil the predictions concerning Christ, it was Decessary that he should be condemned by a Jewish court; but that he should be executed according to a law, or custom, iu the Gentile world. Therefore he was delivered to Pilate, a Roman governour, to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify. Crucifixion was not ą manner in which the Jews executed criminals; therefore, as Christ was to be executed in this manner, it was necessary that he should be delivered up to the Romans. And because it was prophesied of Christ, that he should make his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; for this reason it was, that a rich man of Arimathea, named Joseph, went to Pilate and begged the body of Jesus, wrap. ped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out of the rock.'S

All these predictions take their rise from the originak transaction of the covenant of redemption. And it was not in the heart of Christ to avoid any predicted

* Matt. xx, 17-20.

+ Luke xxii, 37.

* Isai. liü, 9.

$ Matt. xxvii, 58-6R.

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