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will go to heaven, to celebrate the praises of God and the Lamb forever and ever. Of this blessed society John had a view; of which he gives an account in his Revelation. “And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the Mount Zion, and with him an hundred and forty and four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads. And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder; and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps: and they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four Beasts and the elders; and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth. These are they who were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they who follow the Lamb whitheisoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the first fruit to God and to the Lamb. And in their mouth there was found no guile: for they are without · fault before the throne of God."*

Christ, as a covenant head was faithful. And the Father was faithful in fulfilling all his promises to his righteous servant; Christ will therefore "see of the travail of his soul and be satisfied.”

Adam was not faithful; he yielded to temptation and died: he l'uined his character as a faithful and upright man: and, in ruining his character as a man of fidelity, he lost his commission as the federal head of his posterity. Adam by his fall became an enemy to God. Did God hold him in the place of a covenant head after he became his enemy? He did not. As soon as Adam ceased to be obedient, he ceased to be a covenant head. And, as soon as he ceased to be a covenant head, he ceased to be a figure of him who was to come, that is, of Christ. What can any one see in 'Adam as an apostate, which is a figure of him who was to come? And if we can see nothing, in

* Rev. xiv, 1-5.

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which Christ and Adam resemble each other, then, to consider him as a type of Christ is ap error.

So far as Adam was a type of Christ, he has been completely answered in the Antitype. As to Adam, Christ has fulfilled the figure. He has performed the part of a covenant head: he has done every thing necessary on his part for the redemption of all mankind. Hence, "If any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous and he is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. It was contained in the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, that Christ should come into the world, do many things, and şuffer great evils. Our Advocate then stood in the divine counsel or covenant of redemption, as an Antitype. But as the predicted Seed of the woman was not to make his appearance in this world, to act his part as the great Redeemer, until thousands of years should have rolled away, God saw fit to exhibit him by predictions, types, and shadows, sacrifices and burnt-offerings.

In the first, and succeeding ages of the world, until Jesus Christ appeared in the flesh, and "oflered up bimself,” being “sacrificed for us,” he wak, uxhibited “by offerings of the fruit of the ground,” together with “burnt-offerings” of beasts, cousunied upon the altar of the Lord.

Even Adam, no doubt, as well as Cain and Abel, brought offerings to the Lord; and, “it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an ofler ing unto the Lord. And Abel, he also brought of the tirstlings of his flock, and of the fat thereof.” And “the Lord had respect upto Abel, and to his offering.”

“And Noah builded an altar unto the Lord, and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt-offerings on the altar.'

And the Lord appeared unto Abraham, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the Lord, who appeared unto himn. By this time Abraham was well acquainted with the propriety and the duty of offering sacrifices and burntofferings upon the altar of the Lord. He was prepared therefore to obey God when he should call him to the severe trial of offering up his only son Isaac upon the altar for a burnt offering.

In no page of history, either sacred or profane, is recorded a scene so trying and affecting as that of Abraham's offering his son Isaac, as a burnt-offering upon the altar of the Lord. The Lord's requiring Abraham to offer his son upon mount Moriah, was to answer two objects, the one to try Abraham, and the other, to typify Jesus Christ, who was offered once for all for the redemption of man from sin and from death. “And it came to pass that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said Behold here I am.” Abraham could not know the reason for which the Lord called him until he should be informed. How must the father feel, when he found himself addressed by his Maker, the God whom he loved with a pure heart, "Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah, and offer him there upon one of the mountains which I shall tell thee of”, Abraham made no reply, exhibited no consternation, manifested no grief; but without any hesitation consented to be the actor in the solemn scene. He rose early in the morning therefore and "saddled his ass, and took two of his young men, and Isaac bis son; and clave the wood for a burnt-offering, and rose up and went unto the place of which God had told him.” On the third day they came within sight of the place where the dread ful scene was to be exhibited. And leaving all the company behind, Abraham took the lad, his son, and went to the appointed spot to offer him as a burntoffering upon the altar. “And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it upon Isaac his son, that is, laid it upon the shoulder of his son, that " he might carry it to the altar; and he took fire in his

hand and a knife: and they went both of them together. And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father; Behold the fire and the wood; but where is the lamb for a burnt offering And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt-offering—And when they were, come to the place which God had appointed for the sacrifice; Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order; and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.” A most solemn preparation! Suppose it were your son, fathers and mothers! And Abraham stretched forth his hand and took the knife to slay his son. And the angel of the Lord called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham!" And he said here am I. And he said, Lay not tome hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God; eeing thou hast not withhelj thy son, thine only son from

me.

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This affair of Abraham's offering his son as a burntoffering upon the altar, together with his offering up a ram afterward, for a burnt-offering instead of his son, teaches us a number of things:

It teaches that the offering of burnt offerings upon the altar was very early a divine institution. And it was designed to point out Jesus Christ as a lamb with out blemish and without spot, who would come into the world and offer himself a sacrifice for sin. In the case of Abraham's offering his only son Isaac; it teaches that “God so loved the world as to give his only begotten Son”- That he would deliver him up for us all: “He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with biin also freely give us all things?" It teaches also, that Christ was willing to be sacrificed, or that his soul be made an offering for sin.

Isaac made no resistance; and when the young men were left behind, he went on with his father, and cars

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* Gen. xxii.

ried, upon his own shoulder, the wood which was prepared to burn him upon the altar. Christ, also, who bore the cross upon which he was crucified, was as far fiion resistance as Isaac was. Isaac was bound, and laid on the altar upon the wood without any resistance. So Christ refused not to be nailed to the cross, and to expire there. Observe by the way:

Froni Abraham towards his son, there was no expression of anger or wrath. And when Christ was crucified there was no exhibition of wrath, only, what was manifested by his enemies. Isaac did not wish to be exempted from the bitter cup of dying upon the altar, as a burot-offering. And Christ never desired to be excused from drinking any cup which he consented to drink in the covenant of redemption. Hence Christ's prayer in the garden of Gethsemane, that a certain cup might pass from him, cannot mean the cup of the cross, but some other cup: which may be considered in another place.

Isaac was offered up as a sacrifice to God on mount Moriah. And this is the very mountain, upon which, long after, the temple was built by king Solomon. And mount Calvary where Christ was crucified, was, no doubt, a part of the same mountain.

Under the Mosaic dispensation, great stress was laid upon the manner, in which the people were to bring their burnt-offerings, and perform their sacrifices. Hence in the days of the Prophet Isaiah, the nation of the Jews were so unbelieving, careless and stupid, that it is said of them by the prophet: “He that killeth an ox, is as if he slew a man;, he that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine's blood; ne that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol: yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations" Therefore, when the children of Israel were to kill an ox, or a lamb, or a goat as an offering to the Lord, it was expressly enjoined upon them, that it be brought unto the door of the

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