Functional English Grammar: An Introduction for Second Language Teachers
Cambridge University Press, 1996 - 296 sider
This text explores ways in which English grammar enables speakers and writers to represent the world, to interact with one another, and to create coherent messages. This book provides second language teachers with a functional description of English grammar, in which grammar is viewed as a communicative resource. Each chapter includes a focus on areas of difficulty for second language learners, numerous authentic examples, tasks that allow the reader to apply the concepts introduced, and discussion questions. A final chapter covers issues in the learning and teaching of grammar, and reviews methodological options for the second or foreign language classroom. Assuming no previous study of linguistics or English grammar, this book is suitable for self-study or as a textbook in teacher education programs.
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Some basic concepts
Nouns and noun groups
More on noun groups
The transitivity of action processes
Ergativity phrasal verbs and phase
Tense and temporal Adjuncts
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absolute tense action process clauses active voice Actor adjective binding Causer chapter Circumstantial Adjuncts Classifier cleft constituents context count nouns declarative mood dependent clause ergative verbs existential clauses experiential meaning expressed Extract fact finite clauses following examples function future glossed Goal grammar identified imperative mood interpreted interrogative mood intransitive kind Learners sometimes likelihood linking verbs marked mass nouns mental process clauses Michelangelo modal auxiliaries mood clauses negative nonfinite clause normally Note noun group participant passive voice past tense Phenomenon postmodifying Predicator prepositional phrase process verbs Quantifiers Questions for discussion realized reference relational process relationship relative clause relative pronoun represented second language Section Senser sentence simple past simple present speaker speech acts structures Subject Task teacher tense forms tense selection textual meaning thematized Theme things tion typically unmarked unreal conditions usually verb group Ving voice clauses word order written English yes-no interrogative