Analyzing Marx: Morality, Power, and History

Forsideomslag
Princeton University Press, 21. sep. 1984 - 319 sider

In this book Marx is revealed as a powerful contributor
to the debates that now dominate philosophy
and political theory. Using the techniques of analytic
philosophy to unite Marx's general statements with
his practice as historian and activist, Richard W. Miller
derives important arguments about the rational basis
of morality, the nature of power, and the logic of testing
and explanation. The book also makes Marx's theory
of change useful for current social science, by replacing
economic determinist readings with a new
interpretation in which systems of power relations are
the basis of change.


Part One discusses Marx's criticisms of the moral
point of view as a basis for social choice. The outlook
that emerges is humane but antimoral. Part Two argues
that Marx's concept of the ruling class is a means,
of measuring political power that is ignored yet urgently
needed by present-day social science. Part
Three bases Marx's theory of history on the
dynamics of power, challenging both the standard,
economic determinist readings of the
theory and standard conceptions of science.

 

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Indhold

Against Morality
15
The Distinctness of Morality
16
Equality
19
Equal Distribution
20
Equal Rights
22
A Mistake about Marx and Rights
27
Equal Concern
30
Utilitarian
31
A Good Question
136
Questions of Power in Political Theory
142
The Fate of Pluralism
152
Ruling Classes and Power Elites
157
Functionalism and Social Interests
160
The Chains of Methodology
161
Better Theories of Power
165
HISTORY
169

A Utilitarian Marx
35
Generality
41
Universal Rationality
43
Ideology
45
Replacing Morality
51
General Goods and Societal Goals
53
The Process of Change
60
A Model of Character
63
The Structure of a Nonmorality
76
Allen Woods Alternative
78
A Tempting Conclusion
96
POWER
99
The Concept of a Ruling Class
101
A Charge of Neglect
104
What Is a Ruling Class?
105
The State and Revolution
114
Testability
126
Structuralism and Instrumentalism
129
Productive Forces and the Forces of Change
171
Marx as Technological Determinist
174
The States Are High
181
Marx Was Not a Technological Determinist
188
A New Glossary
195
The Mode of Production Interpretation
205
A Broader View
213
Marxs Models and Marxs Context
217
The Mode of Production and History
221
Is History like That?
253
The External Again
268
Replacing Positivism
271
Explanation Causes
283
Confirmation
292
Positivism and Politics
304
Index
315
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