ADHD and the Nature of Self-control
Guilford Press, 1. aug. 1997 - 410 sider
This far-reaching work from renowned scientist-practitioner Russell A. Barkley provides a radical shift of perspective on ADHD, arguing that the disorder is fundamentally a developmental problem of self-control, and that a deficit in attention is a secondary, and not universal, characteristic. The volume synthesizes neuropsychological research and theory on the executive functions, illuminating how normally functioning individuals are able to bring behavior under the control of time and orient their actions toward the future. Meticulously applying this model to an examination of the cognitive and social impairments manifested by ADHD, Barkley offers compelling new directions for thinking about and treating this disorder. A significant contribution to the literature on both the neuropsychological processes of self-control and the nature of ADHD, this volume has significant implications for research and clinical practice. Its theoretical innovation and depth make it a valuable text for advanced courses in child psychopathology, abnormal child psychology, and clinical neuropsychology.
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Biological Etiologies Associated with ADHD
Implications for Theory Construction
Events That Initiate Inhibition and SelfControl
Behavioral Inhibition and ADHD
Why Is a New Theory of ADHD Needed
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ability activity ADHD children ADHD-C Adolescent adults attention deficit disorder attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder Barkley behavioral inhibition Berk Biederman brain Bronowski capacity Chapter Child Psychology children with ADHD clinical cognitive control children covert delay developmental developmental psychology diagnostic dimension distraction Douglas DSM-IV DuPaul Edelbrock emotional evidence executive functions external factors findings fluency forms frontal lobe Fuster future genetic goal-directed behavior Goldman-Rakic Grodzinsky hybrid model hyperactive children hyperactive—impulsive hyperactivity disorder impairment impulsive inattention individual inhibitory interference control involved less measures mental model of ADHD motivation motor control neuroimaging neuropsychological nonverbal working memory normal children outcomes performance persistence predicted prefrontal cortex prefrontal lobes prepotent responses private speech problems Psychiatry reconstitution reflect response inhibition rule-governed behavior rules sample Schachar self-control self-directed self-regulation self-speech sequences social stimulant medication studies subtype suggests sustained attention symptoms task temporal tion twin studies verbal working memory WCST
Side 388 - Scientific Meeting of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, Barcelona, Spain.
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