Philosophical Religions from Plato to Spinoza: Reason, Religion, and Autonomy
Cambridge University Press, 22/11/2012 - 328 sider
Many pagan, Jewish, Christian and Muslim philosophers from Antiquity to the Enlightenment made no meaningful distinction between philosophy and religion. Instead they advocated a philosophical religion, arguing that God is Reason and that the historical forms of a religious tradition serve as philosophy's handmaid to promote the life of reason among non-philosophers. Carlos Fraenkel provides the first account of this concept and traces its history back to Plato. He shows how Jews and Christians appropriated it in Antiquity, follows it through the Middle Ages in both Islamic and Jewish forms and argues that it underlies Spinoza's interpretation of Christianity. The main challenge to a philosophical religion comes from the modern view that all human beings are equally able to order their lives rationally and hence need no guidance from religion. Fraenkel's wide-ranging book will appeal to anyone interested in how philosophy has interacted with Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religious traditions.
Hvad folk siger - Skriv en anmeldelse
Vi har ikke fundet nogen anmeldelser de normale steder.
Evidence and Faith: Philosophy and Religion Since the Seventeenth Century
Begrænset visning - 2005
What is a philosophical religion? I
Towards a history of philosophical religions
Reason divine nornoi and selfrule in Plato
Moses Christ and the universal rule
Communities of Reason in the Islamic world
Christianity as a philosophical religion in Spinoza
according al-Farabi allegorical content allegorical interpretation Almohad argues argument Aristotle Aristotle’s attain Averroes Averroes’s beliefs Bible Blyenbergh chapter Christ Christian citizens claim Clement concept conﬂict critique of religion cultural Delmedigo describes Divine Law divine nomoi dogmatism Ethics Eusebius example explain falasifa ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁrst goal God’s rule Greek guidance Guide Hebrew Hence Hesiod human humankind identiﬁes inﬁnite intellectual perfection Islam Jewish Jews Judaism knowledge Law of Moses Law’s lawgiver literal live Logos Magnesia Maimonides Maimonides’s means medieval Mishneh Torah moral motivated Muslim nature nomoi nomoi of Moses non-philosophers non-rational desires ofthe Origen parables pedagogical-political program Philo philosopher-ruler philosopher’s philosophical doctrines philosophical reinterpretation philosophical religion phronesis Plato political prescriptions of reason prophets proponents rational reﬂect religious community religious tradition Republic scientiﬁc Scripture Scripture’s self-rule sense Socrates soul Spinoza sufﬁcient teachings theocracy things Timaeus trans Treatise true truth virtue wisdom